Romans and Sassanids in the Soldier-Emperors period (3rd cent. AD)
(1,751 words)

In the strictest sense, the term ‘Sassanids’ denotes the Iranian dynasty descended from Sassan, and in a wider sense the inhabitants of the territory ruled by the Sassanid dynasty (cf. list of kings p. 216). The Sassanid Ardashir I rose up aginst Parthian rule and annihilated the forces of the Arsacid King Artabanus IV (213–224) on 28 April AD 224 at Hormizdâgan (not localized) in Media; Artabanus IV fell in the battle. The Sassanids went on to take over the entire Parthian kingdom, with the exception of Armenia, in a very short time.

In do…

Cite this page
Olshausen, E., “Romans and Sassanids in the Soldier-Emperors period (3rd cent. AD)”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 3 : Historical Atlas of the Ancient World, English edition by Christine Salazar (2010). Original German-language edition: Historischer Atlas der antiken Welt. Herausgegeben von Anne-Maria Wittke,Eckhart Olshausen und Richard Szydlak. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 1. Staffel, herausgegeben von Hubert Cancik, Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, vol. 3. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2007). Consulted online on 18 February 2019 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: 9789004167834, 20091241

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