Populus Romanus: the 4 urban and 31 rural tribus in Italy (c. 500–241 BC)
(1,181 words)

The term tribus denoted divisions, initially exclusively according to ethnic group, of the Roman people. Since the 6th cent. it had also always referred to their place of residence. Varro (Ling. 5,55) derives the term from the three tribes of the Tities, Ramnes and Luceres, but the etymology is uncertain. The tribus were named geographically, like the four urban tribus (tribus urba-naePalatina, Esquilina, Collina, Suburana, cf. map C), or by gens (‘clan’), like the rural tribus Claudia, named after the Sabine Claudii, who…

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Winkle, C. and Olshausen, E., “Populus Romanus: the 4 urban and 31 rural tribus in Italy (c. 500–241 BC)”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 3 : Historical Atlas of the Ancient World, English edition by Christine Salazar (2010). Original German-language edition: Historischer Atlas der antiken Welt. Herausgegeben von Anne-Maria Wittke,Eckhart Olshausen und Richard Szydlak. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 1. Staffel, herausgegeben von Hubert Cancik, Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, vol. 3. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2007). Consulted online on 20 February 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-8647_bnps3_BNPA106>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: 9789004167834, 20091241

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