Italy under Roman rule: the Social system (338–89/82 BC)
(1,853 words)


The Roman Republic’s system of organizing its Italian socii (‘allies’) from 338 BC (with the end of the Latin War) until the so-called ‘Social War’ (also bellum sociale, bellum Marsicum, waged by the socii against Rome from 91-89 BC to win Roman citizenship) is generally referred to by scholars by use of the term ‘confederation’. The ancients had no term for it, using only circumlocutions (e.g. cives Romani, socii et nomen Latinum). This ‘system’ is to be understood in the conte…

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Wittke, A.-M., “Italy under Roman rule: the Social system (338–89/82 BC)”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 3 : Historical Atlas of the Ancient World, English edition by Christine Salazar (2010). Original German-language edition: Historischer Atlas der antiken Welt. Herausgegeben von Anne-Maria Wittke,Eckhart Olshausen und Richard Szydlak. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 1. Staffel, herausgegeben von Hubert Cancik, Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, vol. 3. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2007). Consulted online on 19 February 2019 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: 9789004167834, 20091241

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