Bible: Vetus Testamentum (Old Testament; Hebrew Bible)
(1,982 words)

(without commentaries and modern translations)

name for the canon of (older) Jewish scriptures in the Christian Bible; as distinct from the canon of Christian writings that constitute the NT (Novum Testamentum).


The basis for the canon of OT writings is the classical Jewish canon, which was probably closed around AD 100 (Hebrew Bible). It comprises 39 books (according to the now common division based on the Vulgate) and is composed in Hebrew, with the exceptio…

Cite this page
Landfester, Manfred, “Bible: Vetus Testamentum (Old Testament; Hebrew Bible)”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 2 : Dictionary of Greek and Latin Authors and Texts, Edited by: Manfred Landfester, in collaboration with Brigitte Egger. Consulted online on 23 February 2019 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: 9789004167834, 20090831

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