Archimedes of Syracuse
(742 words)

b. ca. 287 BC in Syracuse;

slain during the Roman capture of the city in 212 BC;

major Greek mathematician.


Ten works on mathematics and mechanics are extant. Additional writings are known in fragments or in Arabic adaptations.


The textual tradition is outlined by Johan Ludvig Heiberg in his complete edition (vol…

Cite this page
Landfester, Manfred, “Archimedes of Syracuse”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 2 : Dictionary of Greek and Latin Authors and Texts, Edited by: Manfred Landfester, in collaboration with Brigitte Egger. Consulted online on 16 February 2019 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: 9789004167834, 20090831

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