VII. Iranian Empires and their vassal states
(5,734 words)

VII. 1. Media

Establishing a list of Median kings is hampered by grave difficulties, as the notion of Median kings simultaneously implies that of a Median kingdom. The historical existence of this kingdom is presented as a fact in the classical sources. Ever since the publication of the work of Herodotus [1], the history of the Near East was conceptualised as a sequence of World Empires, in which there was a direct succession from the Assyrian kingdom to the Media…

Cite this page
Rollinger, Robert, Wiesehöfer, Josef and Schottky, Martin, “VII. Iranian Empires and their vassal states”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 1 : Chronologies of the Ancient World - Names, Dates and Dynasties, Edited by: Walter Eder, Johannes Renger. Consulted online on 17 February 2019 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: 9789004153202, 20061214

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