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Maṇḍalas and Yantras
(6,665 words)

Because of the popular interest in the topic, there has been considerable confusion about the meaning and significance of maṇḍalas. Some authors have indiscriminately dealt with Buddhist and Hindu maṇḍalas and arrived at excessively generalized conclusions. In secondary sources, maṇḍalas have been des…

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Bühnemann, Gudrun, “Maṇḍalas and Yantras”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Edited by: Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 04 June 2020 <>
First published online: 2018

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