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Īśvara
(3,903 words)

Over a long history, Hindu understanding and worship of the invisible divine sensed around and within them developed from early praise and sacrifice offered to a network of radiant beings or devas, to a more focused devotion to a single, supreme, personal deva, praised as Īśvara (“The Lord”). The term īśvara (from the Sanskrit root īś-, “to rule,” “own,” “be powerf…

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Pflueger, Lloyd, “Īśvara”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Edited by: Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 20 May 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2212-5019_beh_COM_2050120>
First published online: 2018



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