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Indus Civilization (-1750 BCE)
(10,946 words)

The Indus (or Mature Harappan) civilization flourished 2600–1900 BCE. It was the most extensive urban culture of its time with an area of 800,000 km2, one thousand settlements, and one million people. Its discovery was announced by J. Marshall in 1924 on the basis of excavations started a couple of years earlier at two large sites, Harappa in the Punjab and Mohenjo-daro in Sind. A lot of archaeological research has been done since, and there …

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Parpola, Asko, “Indus Civilization (-1750 BCE)”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Edited by: Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 27 May 2020 <>
First published online: 2018

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