Encyclopedia of the Medieval Chronicle

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Edited by:  Edited by Graeme Dunphy and Cristian Bratu

The Encyclopedia of the Medieval Chronicle brings together the latest research in chronicle studies from a variety of disciplines and scholarly traditions. Chronicles are the history books written and read in educated circles throughout Europe and the Middle East in the Middle Ages. For the modern reader, they are important as sources for the history they tell, but equally they open windows on the preoccupations and self-perceptions of those who tell it. Interest in chronicles has grown steadily in recent decades, and the foundation of a Medieval Chronicle Society in 1999 is indicative of this. Indeed, in many ways the Encyclopedia has been inspired by the emergence of this Society as a focus of the interdisciplinary chronicle community.

The online version was updated in 2014 and in 2016.

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Öhem, Gallus

(477 words)

Author(s): Putzo, Christine
ca 1445-1522. Germany and Switzerland. Author of a chronicle on the Reichenau monastery and of the Reichenauer Reichschronik (Chronicle of the German empire). Born as the illegitimate child of a Radolfzell canon, Öhem is first attested in 1458 as a pupil of the Latin school in Ulm, later in Schaffhausen. From 1461 to 1463 he studied at the University of Freiburg. He was legitimated by Niklas of Wyle in 1464, and became a priest at St. Leonhard in Basel, where he again matriculated at university in 1486. He was a priest in Innsbruck before 1472 and is later recorded holding prebends in Singen (…
Date: 2016-10-17

Olde Freesche Cronike

(212 words)

Author(s): Smithuis, Justine
1474. Low Countries. A verse chronicle in Middle Dutch, probably written in Frisia west of the Lauwers. In 1135 lines, the Olde Freesche Cronike narrates a series of partly legendary stories concerning the history of the Frisians from their origins until 1248, focussing mostly on the Frisians' acquisition of freedom and their devotion to the Christian faith. Although exclusively known through 18th-century copies, the text can be dated to 1474 thanks to an indication at the end. It is closely related to the Historia Frisiae, the Gesta Fresonum and to a short Frisian extract known as Aldfrys…
Date: 2016-10-17

Oliba of Ripoll

(548 words)

Author(s): Garrido Valls, David
971?-1046. Catalonia (Iberia). Offspring of a noble Catalan family (third son of Count Oliba of Cerdanya and Besalú), Oliba was the abbot of the Benedictine monasteries of Santa Maria of Ripoll and Sant Miquel of Cuixà from 1008 and bishop of Vic from 1018. He is believed to be the author of three poems in Latin dealing with various aspects of the history of Catalonia.The first, the Epicedion Raimundi Comitis Barcinonensis was written in 1017-18 in honour of Count Raymond Borrell of Barcelona (d. 1017). The original manuscript is no longer extant although it is preserved in a 12th-century co…
Date: 2016-10-17

Oliver of Paderborn

(646 words)

Author(s): Kümper, Hiram
[Thomas Olivier, Oliverus scholasticus] fl. 1196-1227. Germany. Author of three Latin works on the history of the Crusades and the Holy Land. Oliver was the most prominent German preacher of the Fifth Crusade. He first appears in a charter in 1196 as Oliverus de Patherburne. In 1201 he was appointed magister scolarum in Cologne, 1202 in Paderborn (North Rhine-Westphalia). In 1207 he appears in Paris mediating between the monastery of St. Remy and a canon from Reims. The following year we find him preaching against the Albigensians. Whether he en…
Date: 2016-10-17

Olympiodorus of Thebes

(345 words)

Author(s): Mecella, Laura
before ad 380 - after 425. Egypt. Author of a lost history of the Empire in twenty-two books, covering the years 407-25. Besides the name of his hometown, Egyptian Thebes, little is known about the life of Olympiodorus: an embassy to the Huns in 412, a visit to Athens in 415 and a few other details deduced from his writing. His diplomatic mission and the dedication of his historical work to Theodosius II demonstrate tight links with the Byzantine court, despite his paganism. He refers to himself as a poet,…
Date: 2016-10-17

Omnimoda Historia

(208 words)

Author(s): Garrido Valls, David
(Comprehensive history) 16th or early 17th century, purporting to be 4th century. Aragon (Iberia). Also called the Chronicon of Pseudo-Dexter, the Omnimoda historia is an apocryphal chronicle, written by the Spanish Jesuit Jerónimo Román de la Higuera (1538-1611). A copy of this history, copied in 1618, is today in Copenhagen, Kongelige Bibliotek, AMM 822. It was published for the first time in Zaragoza in 1619 De la Higuera claimed the text was the lost Omnimoda historia of Nummius Aemilianus Dexter, whom he erroneously called Flavius Lucius Dexter. Jerome's De viris illustribus rec…
Date: 2016-10-17

Onsorg, Ulrich

(464 words)

Author(s): Ikas, Wolfgang-Valentin
ca 1420/30-1491. Germany. Parish priest in Reißing, some 20 kilometres southwest of Regensburg, and secular canon at the Alte Kapelle (Old Chapel) in Regensburg, where he held a prebend as chaplain of St. Bricius.He is reputed to have been the author of two prose compilations known as a Chronicon Bavariae and a Catalogus pontificum Romanorum et imperatorum - the titles under which they were edited by Oefele in the 18th century. This attribution, however, has been questioned by modern research. Both works are to a great extent revised compilations of the respectiv…
Date: 2016-10-17