Encyclopedia of Medieval Pilgrimage

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Subject: History

Edited by: Larissa J. Taylor et al.

The Encyclopedia of Medieval Pilgrimage is an interdisciplinary reference work, giving wide coverage of the role of travel in medieval religious life. Dealing with the period 300-1500 A.D., it offers both basic data on as broad a range of European pilgrimage as possible and clearly written, self-contained introductions to the general questions of pilgrimage research.

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Gender Segregation

(2,143 words)

Author(s): Alexandra Cuffel
Travel, whether for pilgrimage or for other purposes, was a dangerous proposition at the best of times. (See also Hazards of Pilgrimage). For women pilgrims it posed particular problems. Women were in greater danger of robbery, kidnapping, murder, or rape than their male counterparts, and married women had to obtain permission from their husbands to go on pilgrimage if their husbands did not choose to go with them. (See also Pilgrimage of Wives). While men and women were often separated at holy …

German Pilgrimage Architecture

(1,588 words)

Author(s): Gerhard Lutz
There was no known specific type of a pilgrimage church distinctive to German-speaking part of the Holy Roman Empire during the early and high Middle Ages, and there has not yet been comprehensive research on architectural history of pilgrimage in the Gothic period so far because interiors of most extant Catholic churches have been dramatically transformed over time. As a result, the medieval situation can no longer be fully reconstructed especially, as in the Protestant parts of Germany, knowledge of many former pilgrimages sites has been lost. Still some observations can be made. Caro…

German Sites

(1,575 words)

Author(s): Hartmut Kühne
Germany was a transit area in the networks of the three great medieval pilgrimages to Palestine, Rome, and Santiago de Compostela. From the High Middle Ages, pilgrims to Rome or the Holy Land from Scandinavia and the Baltic moved from north to south following routes through German territory that converged in the Upper Rhein in the direction of Basel (with alpine crossings at Groß St Bernard and, from the thirteenth century, St Gotthard) and, in the East, from Nuremberg or Würzburg to the Brenner…