Encyclopedia of Medieval Dress and Textiles

Get access Subject: History
Edited by: Gale Owen-Crocker, Elizabeth Coatsworth & Maria Hayward
The single volume Encyclopaedia of Medieval Dress and Textiles of the British Isles c. 450-1450 is a unique work that intends to bring together in 582 signed articles the latest research from across the range of disciplines which contribute to our knowledge of medieval dress and textiles.

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(295 words)

Author(s): Elizabeth Coatsworth
The yard was a measure of length of 36 inches or three feet for land and sometimes 37 inches for cloth, according to Zupko, the latter resulting from placing the thumb on the cloth and starting the next yard from the other side of the thumb. This measure was known as the tailor's yard. The Middle English Dictionary therefore also gives as compounds 'brodyerd', the double yard used as the standard measurement for the width of broadcloth; and 'taillour(es)yerd', a yard as measured by a tailor, 36 or 37 inches, and cites references for this last to the early 15th century. Generally it was equal to 4/5 …