Encyclopedia of Law and Religion

Get access Subject: Law

Edited by: Gerhard Robbers and W. Cole Durham

In recent years, issues of freedom of religion or belief and state-religion relations have become increasingly important worldwide. The Encyclopedia of Law and Religion, unique in its breadth and global coverage, provides an important foundational resource for study of these issues. The encyclopedia covers the relation between law and religion in its various aspects, including those related to the role of religion in society, the relations between religion and state institutions, freedom of religion, legal aspects of religious traditions, the interaction between law and religion, and other issues at the junction of law, religion, and state.

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Kyrgyzstan

(4,011 words)

Author(s): Adam Forsyth
I. Social Facts There are two major faiths in Kyrgyzstan, Islam and Russian Orthodoxy. The population of Kyrgyzstan is approximately 5,664,939, with the majority of people, around 80%, identifying as Muslim. Russian Orthodox believers make up 17% of the population, with the remaining 3% consisting of Jews, Buddhists, and Catholics. The vast majority of Muslim believers are Sunni, although there are a few Shi’a. There is a strong correlation between ethnicity and religion. Most Muslims are native Kyrgyz, while ethnic Russians favor the Russian Orthodox Church…