Encyclopedia of Law and Religion

Get access Subject: Law

Edited by: Gerhard Robbers and W. Cole Durham

In recent years, issues of freedom of religion or belief and state-religion relations have become increasingly important worldwide. The Encyclopedia of Law and Religion, unique in its breadth and global coverage, provides an important foundational resource for study of these issues. The encyclopedia covers the relation between law and religion in its various aspects, including those related to the role of religion in society, the relations between religion and state institutions, freedom of religion, legal aspects of religious traditions, the interaction between law and religion, and other issues at the junction of law, religion, and state.

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Greece

(11,526 words)

Author(s): Lina Papadopoulou
I. Social Facts Greece is predominantly a Christian Orthodox country. Over 95% of its total population (10.8 million inhabitants, according to the 2011 census, of which 9.9 million are Greek citizens) have been baptized into this faith. According to a poll (Metron Analysis, Dec. 2011), 1.5% declare that they belong to a different religion and 2.8% identify themselves as atheist or non-religious. Some Orthodox Christians continue to follow the Julian calendar (since 1924) and have their own clergy a…

Greenland

(1,015 words)

Author(s): Lisbet Christoffersen
I. Social Facts Greenland is located in the Arctic and is inhabited by 57,000 people. Probably 20,000 Greenlanders live abroad, most in Denmark. 95% are members of the Folkchurch. Small Catholic, Baptist, Jehovah’s Witness, and Bahá’í communities exist. Confirmation and baptism of children in the Folkchurch are central cultural-religious dimensions in society. In 2000, a new full translation of the Bible into Greenlandic appeared (the first being published in 1900); new rituals in Greenlandic were authorized in 2005 and a new hymnbook in 2008. Services are held in Greenlandic. II. H…

Grenada

(2,655 words)

Author(s): Mark Hill QC | Thomas Jones
I. Social Facts Grenada is a country composed of seven separate islands. The largest islands are Grenada, which has 99,000 inhabitants, Carriacou with 8,000, and Petite Martinique with just under 1,000. The smaller islands include Ronde Island, Caille Island, Diamond Island, Large Island, Saline Island, and Frigate Island. The country has a total population of approximately 109,000. The overwhelming majority of the population in Grenada is Christian. The four major religious groups are Roman Catholics, which represent 53% of the population, Anglicans,…

Guadeloupe

(9 words)

Author(s): not-specified
See France. Not Specified Bibliography  

Guadeloupe

(8 words)

Author(s): not-specified
forthcoming Not Specified Bibliography  

Guatemala

(2,629 words)

Author(s): James Heilpern
I. Social Facts As of July 2014, Guatemala had an estimated population of about 14,647,083. The official census does not collect any information about religious affiliation, so there are no reliable statistics about the country’s exact religious demographics. In fact, the sum of the various congregations’ individual estimates tally to well over 100% of the population. For example, the Roman Catholic Church estimates that 65-70% of the Guatemalan population consider themselves to be Catholic, while …

Guernsey

(1,595 words)

Author(s): David McClean
I. Historical, Legal, and Social Background With Jersey, the Bailiwick of Guernsey forms part of the Duchy of Normandy which has since 1066 been united with the English Crown. It is not part of the United Kingdom but a “Crown Dependency”; the British monarch is head of state as Duke of Normandy. The Bailiwick consists of the islands of Guernsey, Alderney, Sark, Herm, Jethou, and Lihou. Legislation passed by the parliament of Guernsey, the States of Deliberation (presided over by the Bailiff), only com…

Guinea

(2,163 words)

Author(s): Monique Mullenaux Laing
I. Social Facts Guinea, a country surrounded by Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Côte d’Ivoire, Mali, and Senegal, has about 246,000 square kilometers of territory. Guinea’s population is approximately 11.2 million, comprising at least 16 different groups of people. Among these, Fulahs, Mandingos, Malinkes, and Susses are the largest groups. Islam is the prevalent religion, followed by approximately 85% of the population. About 8% of the population is Christian, and about 7% of the population follows solely traditional animist beliefs. Of the 85% of Guineans who are M…

Guinea-Bissau

(2,509 words)

Author(s): Fernando Loureiro Bastos
I. Social Facts The population of Guinea-Bissau was 1,515,224 in 2010, and it is projected to grow to 1,687,800 inhabitants in 2015 (CPLP, 2012) . In 2010, the population was mostly rural, with about 70% of the people living outside the major urban cities. Guinea-Bissau is characterized by great ethnic diversity, with about 30 different ethnic groups which are very different in size. Among the bigger ethnic groups are the Balantas (about 30% of the population), the Fulas (about 20% of the population), the Manjacos (abo…

Guyana

(2,665 words)

Author(s): Bennett Briggs
I. Social Facts Guyana is an ethnically diverse country composed of descendants of immigrants from East India, Africa, China, and Europe that also has a large indigenous population. As a result of these many cultures and traditions, Guyana has a diverse religious population. The most recent data, from a 2002 census, indicate that roughly 57% of the population identifies as Christian, the largest single denomination within that group being the Pentecostal Church at about 17%. Approximately 28% of th…