Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

Get access Subject: Jewish Studies
Executive Editor: Norman A. Stillman

The Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World Online (EJIW) is the first cohesive and discreet reference work which covers the Jews of Muslim lands particularly in the late medieval, early modern and modern periods. The Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World Online is updated with newly commissioned articles, illustrations, multimedia, and primary source material. 

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Smadja, Juliette

(876 words)

Author(s): Joy Land
Juliette Smadja (Smaja) was born in Tunis in 1890 to Elise and Mardochée Smadja and became the first woman lawyer and the first Jewish female lawyer in Tunisia. Her great-grandfather, also Mardochée Smadja, served as chief rabbi of the community and her father was named in his honor, following Sephardi/Mizraḥi custom. Juliette grew up in a four-generation household, dominated by the senior Mardochée who conducted bi-weekly proceedings of the rabbinical court at home, observed first hand by Juliette. Both of Juliette’s parents briefly attended Alliance Israélite Universell…

Smadja, Mardochée

(424 words)

Author(s): Habib Kazdaghli
Mardochée Smadja (Mardoché Smaja)was born into a traditional Jewish family in Tunis in 1864 and was named for his grandfather, who was chief rabbi of Tunisia from 1898 to 1900. After taking an accelerated course at the Alliance Israélite Universelle school in Tunis when he was fifteen, Smadja subsequently continued his education on his own. Attracted by French culture and the ideals of the French Revolution, Smadja concluded that assimilation to French institutions and ways was the path to Jewish social and political emancipation. He became a leading advocate of …
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