Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World

Get access Subject: Jewish Studies
Executive Editor: Norman A. Stillman

The Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World Online (EJIW) is the first cohesive and discreet reference work which covers the Jews of Muslim lands particularly in the late medieval, early modern and modern periods. The Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World Online is updated with newly commissioned articles, illustrations, multimedia, and primary source material. 

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Yeshivot in Babylonia/Iraq

(3,365 words)

Author(s): Marina Rustow
The yeshivot of Sura and Pumbedita in Iraq, still referred to in Hebrew by Jews as Bavel (Babylonia), were high courts, institutions of learning, and centers of governance over the Jewish communities of Iraq, Iran, and beyond. As institutions of learning charged with the responsibility of transmitting the Babylonian Talmud and interpreting and promulgating its laws, both yeshivot claimed direct intellectual descent from the sages of the Sasanid era quoted in the Babylonian Talmud. From the Islamic conquests of Iraq in the 630s until the late ninth century, the yeshivo…

Yeshuʿa ben Judah

(16 words)

Author(s): Norman A. Stillman
see Jeshua ben Judah (Abu 'l-Faraj Furqan ibn Asad) Norman A. Stillman

Yeshurun (Baghdad)

(256 words)

Author(s): Shmuel Moreh
Yeshurun, a Hebrew and Judeo-Arabic weekly literary, social, and historical newspaper, was first published in Baghdad on November 19, 1920. It was the last Zionist paper in Iraq to be published in both Hebrew and colloquial Baghdadi Judeo-Arabic. In the main article of the first issue, the editors,  Ṣayyūn Adhraʿī, Jacob Ṣayyūn, and Aaron Sassoon ben Eliahu Naḥum (1877–1962), all of whom were members of the Zionist Jewish Literary Society  (Ar. Jamʿiyya Adabiyya Isrāʾīliyya), defined themselves and the readers of their newspaper as ʿivrim yosheve bavel (Hebrews, Residents of Bab…
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