Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC

The Encyclopaedia of the Qur’ān Online is an encyclopaedic dictionary of qur’ānic terms, concepts, personalities, place names, cultural history and exegesis extended with essays on the most important themes and subjects within qur’ānic studies. The Encyclopaedia of the Qur’ān Online is the first comprehensive, multivolume reference work on the Qur’ān to appear in a Western language.
Encyclopaedia of the Qur’ān Online includes direct access to 62 Early Printed Western Qur’āns Online and the Electronic Qurʾān Concordance, a unique online finding aid for textual research.

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Urination and Defecation

(6 words)

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(1,325 words)

Author(s): Choudhury, Masudul Alam
[Unlawful] profit gained as interest charged when loaning money. The Qurʾān refers to both interest and usury as ribā and renounces evil effects on the equal, just and productive distribution of resources. The denunciation of ribā applies to excesses in both financial contracts (ribā l-faḍl) and fungibles (ribā l-nasīʾa). It also applies to all forms of interest — nominal, real, effective, simple and compound (see also economics; money; trade and commerce). q 30:39 provides the general definition of ribā relating to all forms and measures of gifts (see gift and gift-giving) and excha…


(4 words)

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(1,151 words)

Author(s): Reynolds, Gabriel Said
Abū ʿAbdallāh ʿUthmān b. ʿAffān, third caliph (q.v.; r. 23-35/644-55) and first ¶ “rightly guided” ( rāshid) caliph from the Umayyad clan, an early convert to Islam and emigrant ( muhājir; see emigrants and helpers ) to both Abyssinia (q.v.) and Medina (q.v.; see also emigration ). These pious credentials (see piety ) are tainted by his absence at the battle of Badr (q.v.), his flight at Uḥud (see expeditions and battles ), his absence at Ḥudaybiya (q.v.; see Bukhārī, Ṣaḥīḥ, 66, Faḍāʾil al-Qurʾān, 3; ed. Krehl, iii, 93; trans. Houdas, iii, 522-3) and his alleged impiety during…

U (ʿUbayd b. al-Sabbāq - ʿUkl)

(1,225 words)

ʿUbayd b. al-Sabbāq  Ḥadīth and the Qurʾān ʿUbayd b. Umayr (d. 68/687)  Nāmūs  Ḥadīth and the Qurʾān Ubayda b. al-Ḥārith  Wives of the Prophet  Ḥamza b. ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib ʿUbaydallāh b. Jaḥsh  Wives of the Prophet  Ḥanīf ʿUbaydallāh b. Ziyād (governor of Kūfa; r. 53-9/673-9)  Khārijīs  Textual Criticism of the Qurʾān Ubayy (Codex)  Prayer Ubayy b. Kaʿb (d. 21/642)  Basmala  Chronology and the Qurʾān  Codices of the Qurʾān  Emigrants and Helpers  Exegesis of the Qurʾān: Classical and Medieval  Forgery  Form and Structure of the Qurʾān  Fātiḥa  Inheritance  Jesus  Manuscripts of the …