Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC

The Encyclopaedia of the Qur’ān Online is an encyclopaedic dictionary of qur’ānic terms, concepts, personalities, place names, cultural history and exegesis extended with essays on the most important themes and subjects within qur’ānic studies. The Encyclopaedia of the Qur’ān Online is the first comprehensive, multivolume reference work on the Qur’ān to appear in a Western language.
Encyclopaedia of the Qur’ān Online includes direct access to 62 Early Printed Western Qur’āns Online and the Electronic Qurʾān Concordance, a unique online finding aid for textual research.

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Rhetoric and the Qurʾān

(8,928 words)

Author(s): Neuwirth, Angelika
The Qurʾān has been judged in Islamic tradition as inimitable; indeed a dogma emerged in the third/ninth century holding that the Qurʾān is, linguistically and stylistically, far superior to all other literary ¶ productions in the Arabic language (q.v.; see also literature and the qurʾān ). Although the belief in the “inimitability of the Qurʾān” ( iʿjāz al-Qurʾān, see inimitability ) does not rely exclusively on formal criteria, it has been widely received as a statement about the literary qualities of the Qurʾān both in traditional scholarly literature…


(8 words)

 see rhymed prose; poetry and poets Bibliography

Rhymed Prose

(4,474 words)

Author(s): Stewart, Devin J.
The common English translation of sajʿ, an ancient form of Arabic composition used in proverbs, aphorisms, orations, descriptions of meteorological phenomena, and soothsayers' oracular pronouncements before the advent of Islam and in sermons, book titles, introductions, anecdotes, belletristic epistles, chancery correspondence, maqāmāt, histories and other literary works in the Islamic period. In its simplest form, sajʿ consists of groups of consecutive cola sharing a common rhyme and meter. The meter of sajʿ is accentual, determined by the number of words ( kalima, lafẓa) in…


(17 words)

 see rhymed prose; language and style of the qurʾān; form and structure of the qurʾān Bibliography


(6 words)

 see wealth; money; property Bibliography

Riḍā, Rashīd

(5,705 words)

Author(s): Johanna Pink
Muḥammad Rashīd Riḍā (1865–1935) was the main author of an extensive, incomplete Qurʾānic commentary best known as Tafsīr al-manār, which took its name from the journal al-Manār, edited by Rashīd Riḍā, in which it was originally published. Originally, the tafsīr was based on the exegetical lectures of Muḥammad ʿAbduh, but it was continued and further developed by Rashīd Riḍā to include a wide range of additional material and address specific contemporaneous issues. Rashīd Riḍā’s interest in using the Qurʾān to solve social and political probl…
Date: 2017-08-31


(4 words)

 see mockery Bibliography


(7 words)

 see piety; fear; good deeds Bibliography

Right Hand

(9 words)

 see left hand and right hand Bibliography


(7 words)

 see ritual and the qurʾān Bibliography

Ritual and the Qurʾān

(8,765 words)

Author(s): Meri, Josef W.
Following a brief discussion of ritual in modern academic discourse which proposes a functional typology of rituals both within and involving the Qurʾān, and taking into account the context in which certain rituals occur and are performed, this article will then explore the treatment of qurʾānic rituals in works of Islamic jurisprudence (see law and the qurʾān ). Those rituals which employ verses of the Qurʾān — written or spoken, individually or collectively — in various ceremonial, talismanic and therapeutic contexts will also be examined. This arti…

Ritual Purity

(5,782 words)

Author(s): Lowry, Joseph E.
A state of heightened cleanliness, symbolic or actual, associated with persons, activities and objects in the context of ritual worship (q.v.; see also cleanliness and ablution; contamination). The Qurʾān imposes a specific, two-tiered requirement of ritual cleansing before prayer (q.v.) and this is its most direct and detailed — and perhaps its only — regulation of ritual purity in the narrow sense. More general notions of purity and impurity extend, however, to a fairly wide array of persons, objects and activities in …


(5 words)

 see water; paradise Bibliography