Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC

The Encyclopaedia of the Qur’ān Online is an encyclopaedic dictionary of qur’ānic terms, concepts, personalities, place names, cultural history and exegesis extended with essays on the most important themes and subjects within qur’ānic studies. The Encyclopaedia of the Qur’ān Online is the first comprehensive, multivolume reference work on the Qur’ān to appear in a Western language.
Encyclopaedia of the Qur’ān Online includes direct access to 62 Early Printed Western Qur’āns Online and the Electronic Qurʾān Concordance, a unique online finding aid for textual research.


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Hypocrites and Hypocrisy

(2,922 words)

Author(s): Adang, Camilla P.
Those who feign to be what they are not; the act or practice of such people. “Hypocrites” is the word generally used to translate the qurʾānic term munāfiqūn, the active participle of the third form of the root n-f-q. Its verbal noun, nifāq, is usually translated as “hypocrisy,” even though this does not cover the full range of meanings conveyed by the Arabic term as used in the Qurʾān. The hypocrites are considered half-hearted believers who outwardly profess Islam while their hearts (see heart ) harbor doubt or even unbelief (see belief and unbelief; faith). Therefore, they are — at be…