Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas and Everett Rowson with a team of more than 20 section editors.

EI-Three is the third edition of Brill’s Encyclopaedia of Islam which sets out the present state of our knowledge of the Islamic World. It is a unique and invaluable reference tool, an essential key to understanding the world of Islam, and the authoritative source not only for the religion, but also for the believers and the countries in which they live.

The Third Edition of the Encyclopaedia of Islam is an entirely new work, with new articles reflecting the great diversity of current scholarship. It is published in five substantial segments each year, both online and in print. The new scope includes comprehensive coverage of Islam in the twentieth century and of Muslim minorities all over the world.

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(546 words)

Author(s): Robinson, Francis
Lūdhiāńā is a district and a city in the Jalandhar division of the Indian state of Panjāb. The tract is an alluvial plain covering 3,614 square kilometres and bounded on the north by the river Sutlej. It has generally been a frontier area. On the high road from Central Asia, it has been crossed by waves of conquest and migration. During the last two hundred fifty years it has seen struggles for supremacy between the Durrānī Afghāns and the Mughals, between the Sikhs and the British, and, recentl…
Date: 2019-05-08

Luqmānjī b. Ḥabīballāh

(912 words)

Author(s): Poonawala, Ismail K.
Luqmānjī b. Ḥabīballāh b. Mullā Qāḍīkhān Rāmpūrī, an illustrious Mustaʿlī-Ṭayyibī Ismāʿīlī scholar of India, was born in Rāmpūr in 1099/1687–8. After the death of the Fāṭimid caliph-imām al-Mustanṣir in 487/1094, the Ismāʿīlīs were split on the question of succession into two major branches, Nizārīs and Mustaʿlīs. Following the assassination of the Fāṭimid caliph-imām al-Āmir in 524/1130, the Mustaʿlīs themselves were further divided on the question of succession into Ṭayyibīs and Ḥāfiẓīs (or Majī…
Date: 2019-05-08

Luṭfallāh, Muḥammad

(735 words)

Author(s): Bruce, Gregory Maxwell
Muḥammad Luṭfallāh (b. 1828–9, d. 1916) was a teacher of ʿulamāʾ (scholars of the Arabic language and Islam) in India and muftī (a Muslim jurist who issues expert legal opinions in response to questions or writes legal opinions on subjects he considers significant) at the High Court in Hyderabad. He was born at Pilakhna near Jalali, east of Aligarh. His father was a wakīl (one who has the trust or mandate of another person and is allowed or requested to act in his or her place) who knew Persian and appreciated Urdu poetry. His mother was from a family of sayyids (people claiming descent from t…
Date: 2019-05-08

Lütfi Paşa

(650 words)

Author(s): Isom-Verhaaren, Christine
Lütfi (Luṭfī) Paşa (c. 893–970/c. 1488–1562–3) was an Ottoman statesman and grand vizier, probably of Albanian origin, who was recruited through the devşirme (periodic levy of male Christian children to serve in the Janissary corps or palace administration) and entered the palace during the reign of Bayezid (Bāyezīd) II (r. 886–918/1481–1512). He held several positions in the palace, and after graduating from palace service he rose gradually to higher positions, unlike the unusual promotion of İbrahim (Ibrāhīm, d. 94…
Date: 2019-05-08