Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas and Everett Rowson with a team of more than 20 section editors.

EI-Three is the third edition of Brill’s Encyclopaedia of Islam which sets out the present state of our knowledge of the Islamic World. It is a unique and invaluable reference tool, an essential key to understanding the world of Islam, and the authoritative source not only for the religion, but also for the believers and the countries in which they live.

The Third Edition of the Encyclopaedia of Islam is an entirely new work, with new articles reflecting the great diversity of current scholarship. It is published in five substantial segments each year, both online and in print. The new scope includes comprehensive coverage of Islam in the twentieth century and of Muslim minorities all over the world.



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Ṭalḥa b. ʿUbaydallāh

(1,283 words)

Author(s): Madelung, Wilferd
Ṭalḥa b. ʿUbaydallāh, a prominent early Companion of Muḥammad, is considered to have been among the first eight converts to Islam and one of the ten mubashshara to whom the Prophet promised Paradise. He belonged to the Banū ʿAmr b. Kaʿb, the leading clan of the Taym b. Murra of the Quraysh, and was a second-degree cousin of Abū Bakr, with whom he was already closely associated before the advent of Islam. Abū Bakr, who was some twenty years his elder, may have trained him in the caravan trade in Syria, a business he later pursued successfully. By his own account, he first learned of the adve…
Date: 2019-03-21

Tamīm b. al-Muʿizz

(1,623 words)

Author(s): Poonawala, Ismail K.
The poet prince Tamīm b. al-Muʿizz (d. 374/985), a son of the fourth Fāṭimid caliph-Imām, al-Muʿizz li-Dīn Allāh (r. 341–65/953–75), was renowned as a poet of elegance and refinement. He was born on 24 Rajab 337/27 January 949, in al-Mahdiyya, in present-day Tunisia, the city founded by the first Fāṭimid caliph-Imām al-Mahdī as his new capital (al-Maqrīzī, al-Muqaffā, 2:588). Soon the capital was moved to the new city of al-Manṣūriyya, built in 337/948 by the third Fāṭimid caliph- imām, al-Manṣūr bi-llāh (r. 334–41/946–53), and it was there that Tamīm grew up and received…
Date: 2019-03-21

Tayyarzade Ata Bey

(897 words)

Author(s): Erdoğdu, A. Teyfur
Tayyarzade Ata Bey (Ṭayyār-zāde ʿAṭāʾallah Aḥmad Beg), an Ottoman historian and poet, was born in Istanbul in 1225/1810. He was the son of a palace official, Tayyar (Ṭayyār, d. 1248–9/1833), who was a head lala ( lālā, tutor to young princes). Ata Bey was appointed as a clerk at Tophane (Ṭopkhāne, the state’s main ordnance factory) in 1240/1824. The following year, in 1241/1825, he was assigned to the imperial larder (Kiler-i hassa/kilār-ı khaṣṣa) at the palace, by order of Sultan Mahmud (Maḥmūd) II (r. 1223–55/1808–39). In 1249/1834, …
Date: 2019-03-21