Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas and Everett Rowson with a team of more than 20 section editors.

EI-Three is the third edition of Brill’s Encyclopaedia of Islam which sets out the present state of our knowledge of the Islamic World. It is a unique and invaluable reference tool, an essential key to understanding the world of Islam, and the authoritative source not only for the religion, but also for the believers and the countries in which they live.

The Third Edition of the Encyclopaedia of Islam is an entirely new work, with new articles reflecting the great diversity of current scholarship. It is published in five substantial segments each year, both online and in print. The new scope includes comprehensive coverage of Islam in the twentieth century and of Muslim minorities all over the world.



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Paşa

(1,147 words)

Author(s): Bouquet, Olivier
The use of paşa ( pāşā) as an Ottoman title emerged immediately after the reign of Osman I (ʿOthmān I, d. c. 724/1324), contrary to previous honorific designations used for upper dignitaries, such as emir (emīr), bey (beg), mirimiran (mīrimīrān), and vezir ( vezīr, vizier). This is probably one of the reasons why its etymology has been a matter of debate. According to Jean Deny, it probably derived from padişah ( pādishāh, emperor), with the possible influence of baskak ( bāsqāq, agent, tax collector), as suggested by Gerhard Doerfer. Alternative theories claim that it is a…
Date: 2019-03-21

Persian grammar

(2,439 words)

Author(s): Paul, Ludwig
Persian grammar can vary, depending on the region and the historical period. The three regional dialects of the Persian language are Fārsī, Darī, and Tājīkī. Historical varieties include early (fourth–fifth/tenth–eleventh), classical (fifth–ninth/eleventh–fifteenth centuries), and modern. 1. Persian grammars and reference works No comprehensive grammatical description of the Persian language exists that includes, on the one hand, its regional variants (Fārsī, Darī, Tājīkī) and historical development and, on the other hand, consistency …
Date: 2019-03-21