Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(30 words)

zolota (T) : in numismatics, a large-sized silver coin, 18.5-19.7 g, introduced under Süleymān II on…


(38 words)

zorba (T, pl. zorbāwāt, zorab) : ‘insolent one’, ‘rebel’, a group of native Damascene Janissaries that w…


(23 words)

zorṭalbī (U) : in India, a tribute exacted by force due from the feudatory states, a relic of Muslim…


(12 words)

zozān (K) : (summer) pasturing camps. Kurds, Kurdistān; Kurds, Kurdistān


(51 words)

zuʿʿār (A, s. zāʿir) : lit. rowdy, ill-behaved lads, notably in the Egyptian and Syrian urban milieux d…


(25 words)

zubānayān (A) : lit. the two pincers; in astronomy, the two stars known as the Two Pincers in the co…

zubb al-ḳiṭṭ

(21 words)

zubb al-ḳiṭṭ (A) : ‘cat’s penis’, in botany, the variety Astragalus cahiricus of the genus Milk vetch. Sinnawr


(66 words)

zubda (A, pl. zubad) : primary meaning is ‘cream (of milk), (fresh) butter’ (for which Samn), secondary…


(11 words)

zubra (A) : a piece of iron. Zābul, Zābulistān


(25 words)

zud̲j̲ād̲j̲ (A, s. zud̲j̲ād̲j̲a; P ābgīna or s̲h̲īs̲h̲a), also zad̲j̲ād̲j̲, zid̲j̲ād̲j̲ : glass, syn. kawārīr ‘gla…


(26 words)

ẓufr (A) : claw; in botany, ~ al-nasr ‘vulture’s claw’ is the Greek Catananche ( Hymenonema Tournefortii or Catananche…


(17 words)

zuḥal (A) : in astronomy, the planet Saturn. Zuhāk; and Muḳātil In alchemy, lead. Zuḥal


(17 words)

zuhara (A, P [a]nāhīd) : in astronomy, the planet Venus. Zuḥal In alchemy, copper. Zuhara


(42 words)

zuhd (A) : in religion, the material and spiritual asceticism facilitating closer association with t…


(53 words)

ẓuhr (A) : noon, midday. ṣalāt al-ẓuhr (A) : the midday prayer which is to be p…


(20 words)

zuhūmāt (A) : people who avoid ‘fatty meats’, like the Marcionites, presumably meaning they did eat …


(64 words)

zukaym zukaym al-Ḥabas̲h̲a (A) : in the mediaeval Near East, a fraudulent w…
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