Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(68 words)

z̲h̲iraw (Kaz) : a reciter of epic poetry; repressed by Soviet ideology as symbolic of a feudal cult…


(43 words)

ziʿāmet (T, < A ziʿāma) : in Ottoman military and land tenure organisation, a larger-size Tīmār, althoug…


(25 words)

ziʾbaḳ (A) : in metallurgy and alchemy, mercury, also called quicksilver ( argentum vivum). Variant forms include zay…


(14 words)

zibbūn (A) : in Libya, a man’s jacket with long sleeves. Libās


(54 words)

zīd̲j̲ (A, < MidP zīg ‘rope, towline’; pl. zīd̲j̲āt) : in astronomy, a handbook with tables and explanatory …


(63 words)

ziḥāf (A, pl. ziḥāfāt) : in prosody, the optional reduction of a long to a short syllable or of two sho…


(69 words)

ẓihār (A, < ẓahr ‘back’) : in law, an oath, which may be translated very vaguely as ‘incestuous compari…


(30 words)

zikrāna : a special hut which is not orientated towards the ḳibla, in which the D̲h̲ikr is recited s…


(26 words)

ẓill (A) : the central theme or aim of a Sūra (syn. miḥwar). Sūra; and Fayʾ In astronomy, the cotangent. Zīd̲j̲; and…


(50 words)

zimām (A, pl. azimma) : lit. rein, halter; in mediaeval administration, a department of control and audit ( dīwān al-a…


(31 words)

zināʾ (A) : unlawful fornication, punishable by penal law if the partners are not married to each ot…


(14 words)

zindāna (A) : a song form among women in western Algeria. S̲h̲āʿir
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