Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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tik wa-tum

(124 words)

tik wa-tum (A) : in music, a technical term corresponding to the learned term ṭāʾ, meaning the note struck, sharp …


(34 words)

ṭilāʾ (A) : the pitch with which a camel’s skin was smeared; also, a kind of syrup made from grapes …


(23 words)

tillīs (A) : a measure of capacity which was used in Egypt in the caliphal period for measuring grain. Makāyil (a.),


(27 words)

tilmas (B) : ‘spring, water-hole’, which plural tilmisān is a plausible, if not certain, etymology for the …


(57 words)

tilsam (A, Gk τέλεσμα), also tilsim, tilism, tilasm : a talisman, that is, an inscription with astrological…


(27 words)

tīm (P) : term used by Nāṣir-i Ḵh̲usraw for caravanserai, still used in its diminutive form tīmča in parts of the Ir…


(47 words)

tīmār (P, T equivalent dirilik, Dirlik) : lit. care, attention; in the Ottoman empire, a system of non-h…


(66 words)

timrād (A, pl. tamārid) : narrow pierced pigeon hole in the loft ( ḳurmūṣ, < Gk) of a pigeon. When placed at the …


(47 words)

timsāḥ (A, < C ʾimsaḥ; pl. tamāsīḥ) : in zoology, the Nile crocodile ( Crocodilus vulgaris), the only crocodile kno…


(32 words)

tīn (A) : in botany, the common fig ( ficus carica), widespread throughout the Mediterranean. A tree and fruit…


(144 words)

ṭīn (A) : mud, clay; in the Qurʾān, the material from which man was made, and the substance from whi…


(13 words)

ṭinfisa (A) : a kind of carpet with a pile. Binn


(19 words)

tinmal (B), or tinmallal : a Berber term for terraces for agriculture on a mountain side. Ṭīna


(63 words)

tinnīn (A) : lit. dragon; in folklore, an enormous serpent. Ḥayya; Tinmal In astronomy and astrology, the Arabic…
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