Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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tad̲j̲mīr

(24 words)

tad̲j̲mīr (A) : in early military and administrative usage, ‘keeping the troops quartered on distant…

tad̲j̲nīs

(67 words)

tad̲j̲nīs (A) : in prosody, paronomasia. S̲h̲iʿr; Tad̲j̲mīr tad̲j̲nīs is̲h̲tiḳāḳ (…

tad̲j̲rīd

(9 words)

tad̲j̲rīd (A) : abstraction. Taṣwīr; Uṣūl al-Fiḳh

tad̲j̲wīd

(33 words)

tad̲j̲wīd (A) : lit. to make better; the art of reciting the Qurʾān; the orthoepic rules of Qurʾān reading (Ḳirāʾa; Tilā…

tad̲j̲ziʾa

(7 words)

tad̲j̲ziʾa (A) : specialisation. Uṣūliyya

tadlīs

(90 words)

tadlīs (A, < L dolus) : ‘concealing defects’, a term of Islamic law used in both the law of sale and con…

taḍmīn

(90 words)

taḍmīn (A) : lit. inclusion; in prosody, ‘quotation’, a rhetorical figure where a poem by another au…

tadrīs

(105 words)

tadrīs (A) : in classical and mediaeval periods, the teaching of the religious law, fiḳh; when combined with a qua…

tadwīn

(62 words)

tadwīn (A) : in the science of Tradition, the collecting of traditions in writing in order to derive…

tadwīr

(36 words)

tadwīr (A) : in astronomy, an epicycle, embedded within the deferent, that contained the actual plan…

taḍyīḳ

(71 words)

taḍyīḳ (A) : in literary theory, a term invented by al-Suyūṭī, according to his own testimony, for d…

tafarnud̲j̲

(34 words)

tafarnud̲j̲ (A, P g̲h̲arbzada[gī], T alafranga[lik] ‘West-struck[ness]) : lit. adopting, imitating or api…

tafarrud̲j̲

(29 words)

tafarrud̲j̲ (A, T teferrüd̲j̲) : in Ottoman guilds, a ceremony, wherein the master awarded his pupil wi…

tafāwut-i ʿamal

(42 words)

tafāwut-i ʿamal (P) : under the Ḳād̲j̲ārs, a sum levied by the provincial governors in addition to t…

tafḍīl

(42 words)

tafḍīl (A) : lit. superiority, the act of raising something to a higher level or degree. In grammar, the elative, th…

ṭaff

(17 words)

ṭaff (A) : an area raised above the surrounding country or fringe, edge, bank. Tafarnud̲j̲

tafʿīl

(14 words)

tafʿīl Wazn tafʿīla (A) : in metrics, the constituent metrical foot. Ḳābādū

tafk̲h̲īm

(20 words)

tafk̲h̲īm (A) : in grammar, velarisation. A letter that is velarised is called mufak̲h̲k̲h̲am. Pūr-i Bahāʾ; Ṣawti…
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