Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

Subscriptions: see Brill.com

ṭāʾ

(36 words)

ṭāʾ (A) : the sixteenth letter of the Arabic alphabet, with the numerical value 9, representing a vo…

tāʾ

(29 words)

tāʾ (A) : the third letter of the Arabic alphabet, with the numerical value 400, representing a voic…

ṭāʿa

(30 words)

ṭāʿa (A, pl. ṭāʿāt) : in theology, an act of obedience to God, contrasted with maʿṣiya, an act of disobedience to G…

taʿaddī

(42 words)

taʿaddī (A) : lit. transgression; in law, tort or negligence. Dāmād Ferīd Pas̲h̲a; Wadīʿa In grammar, transitivity…

taʿad̲j̲d̲j̲ub

(24 words)

taʿad̲j̲d̲j̲ub (A) : lit. amazement; in rhetoric, one of the basic effects or aims of the poetic pro…

taʿāḳul

(13 words)

taʿāḳul (A) : in law, joint liability by the ʿĀḳila. ʿĀḳila

taʿalluḳ

(105 words)

taʿalluḳ (A), or more often, taʿalluḳa : lit. dependence, being related to, dependent on; in late Mug̲h̲a…

ṭaʿām

(8 words)

ṭaʿām (A) : food, nourishment. Taʿad̲j̲d̲j̲ub

taʿammul

(9 words)

taʿammul (A) : in rhetoric, artificiality. Ṭarrār

taʿarrub

(34 words)

taʿarrub (A) : in earliest Islam, the return (syn. tabaddā) to the Arabian desert after emigration, hid̲j̲ra, to the…

taʿāruḍ

(10 words)

taʿāruḍ (A) : in law, conflicting possibilities. S̲h̲arīʿa

taʿaṣṣub

(16 words)

taʿaṣṣub (A), or tanaṭṭuʿ, tazammut, tas̲h̲addud : fanaticism, rigorism, synonyms of Taṭarruf. Tatar Pazarcik

taʿāwun

(47 words)

taʿāwun (A) : mutual aid; in the 20th century, ~ took on the meaning of co-operation in all modern s…

taʿawwud̲h̲

(72 words)

taʿawwud̲h̲ (A) : the use of the phrase aʿūd̲h̲u bi ’llāhi min . . . (‘I take refuge from God against . . . ’), syn. istiʿād̲h…

ṭābaʿ

(29 words)

ṭābaʿ (Mor) : the seal, either on a seal ring or mounted on a stem, until recent times serving for t…

ṭabāhid̲j̲a

(35 words)

ṭabāhid̲j̲a : a dish, one of whose stages of preparation calls for a combination of saffron with hon…

ṭabaḳa

(130 words)

ṭabaḳa (A, pl. ṭibāḳ) : in Mamlūk times, the barracks in the Cairo citadel where the Royal Mamlūks were…

tabakkala

(4 words)

tabakkala Taḥas̲h̲s̲h̲ada

ṭabaḳ al-manāṭiḳ

(38 words)

ṭabaḳ al-manāṭiḳ (A) : in astronomy, an equatorium designed to determine the position of the planets…

tabannin

(34 words)

tabannsup:in (A) : adoption, the giving of one’s name to another who does not belong within his ‘nat…

ṭabarī

(17 words)

ṭabarī (A) : a green silk brocade, known after their place of production, Ṭabaristān. Iran

tabarruʾ

(56 words)

tabarruʾ (A, P tabarrā) : in Islamic religious polemics, the doctrine of exemption or of disengagement,…

tabarruk

(47 words)

tabarruk (A) : in mysticism, a casual method of affiliation with an order, little exacting in terms …

ṭabās̲h̲īr

(32 words)

ṭabās̲h̲īr (A) : a medicament from the crystalline concretions in the internodes of the bamboo, know…

tabattul

(13 words)

tabattul (A) : in mysticism, ‘consecration to God’. Kas̲h̲f; celibacy. K̲h̲āṣī

ṭabbāk̲h̲

(22 words)

ṭabbāk̲h̲ (A) : professional cook, unlike ṭāhī or s̲h̲āwī ‘roaster’, who was probably a slave and not a prof…

ṭabbāl

(11 words)

ṭabbāl (A) : drummer; owner of a drum. Ṭabbāk̲h̲

tabbān

(9 words)

tabbān (A) : a straw seller. Sūḳ

tabīʿ

(14 words)

tabīʿ (A) : a cow or bull in its second year. Zakāt

tābiʿ

(122 words)

tābiʿ (A, pl. tābiʿūn) : follower; and Itbāʿ; Posta; Ṣāḥib tābiʿūn (A) : the Follow…

ṭabīʿa

(56 words)

ṭabīʿa (A) : lit. nature, a term of Islamic science, philosophy and theology, usually translated in …

taʿbīr

(62 words)

taʿbīr (A) : ‘the passage of one thing to another, one sense to another’, hence ‘explanation’, like tafsīr, lit. comm…

tabīra

(9 words)

tabīra : in music, a drum. Ṭabl-K̲h̲āna

ṭabk̲h̲

(25 words)

ṭabk̲h̲ (A) : the action of cooking either in a pot, by boiling or stewing, or by roasting, broiling…

tāb-k̲h̲āne

(20 words)

tāb-k̲h̲āne (T) : lodgings for dervishes added on both sides of the prayer hall of a mosque. Istanbul

ṭabl

(94 words)

ṭabl (A) : the generic name for any member of the drum family. Ṭabk̲h̲; or dawul, a rather large wooden double-head…

tablīg̲h̲

(9 words)

tablīg̲h̲ (A) : propagating the faith. Ṭabl-K̲h̲āna
▲   Back to top   ▲