Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(9 words)

zarnīk̲h̲ (A) : in mineralogy, orpiment. al-ʿUtbī


(31 words)

zâviyeli (T) : a term used by Turkish scholars to refer to a type of ‘Convent Mosque’ with a domed o…


(43 words)

zawāḳīl (A) : a shadowy group of Arab brigands and mercenaries active during the ʿAbbāsid period. Th…


(38 words)

zawāl (A) : ‘midday’, marked for the astronomers by the sun crossing the meridian, and for the simpl…


(56 words)

zawd̲j̲ (A, < Gk zeugos; pl. azwād̲j̲) : basically ‘two draught animals yoked together’, ~ has come to mea…


(21 words)

zawīla (A) : a special leather produced in Zawīla, the mediaeval Islamic capital of the Fazzān. Zāwī b. Zīrī


(168 words)

zāwiya (A, pl. zawāyā) : lit. corner, nook; a religious foundation of a quasi-monastic type. In Mamlūk …


(27 words)

zawrāʾ (A) : in archery, probably a bow with a strong bend made from nas̲h̲am wood ( Chadara velutina). It was also ca…


(30 words)

zawraḳ (A, pl. zawāriḳ, < ? P) : in mediaeval Mesopotamia, a skiff or dinghy used for local traffic; larger, sea-going za…


(40 words)

zaww (A, < ? P zūd) : in mediaeval Mesopotamia, a swift type of vessel, often mentioned as used by caliph…


(33 words)

zāy (A), also, more rarely, zāʾ : the eleventh letter of the Arabic alphabet, transcribed z, with numerical value 8…


(79 words)

zayt (A) : the oil or expressed juice of the olive, although it could be applied today to any oil. The term ~ mag̲h̲sūl |‘w…


(26 words)

zaytūn (A) : in botany, the olive and olive tree ( Olea europaea L is the cultivated olive; Olea oleaster, the wild one…
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