Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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zanbaḳ

(9 words)

zanbaḳ (A) : in botany, lilac. Waṭṭāsids

zand̲j̲

(53 words)

zand̲j̲ (A) : term for the peoples of Black Africa, especially those whom the Arabs came into contac…

zang

(9 words)

zang : in music, the sonette. Ṭabl-K̲h̲āna

zānī

(18 words)

zānī (A) : a male fornicator, with zāniya (pl. zawānī), his female counterpart. Ziḥāf; and Bag̲h̲iyy

zār

(64 words)

zār (A, Somali saar) : name for a popular cult of spirits found in northeastern Africa and such adjacen…

zaradkās̲h̲iyya

(21 words)

zaradkās̲h̲iyya (A) : under the Mamlūks, the Amīrs of the arsenal, whose duty was to guard the arsenal. Silāḥdār

zarāfa

(42 words)

zarāfa (A, pl. zarāfāt, zarāfī, zarāʾif, zurāfa; P us̲h̲tur-gāw-palang ‘camel-cow-leopard’) : in zoology, th…

zarbiyya

(17 words)

zarbiyya (A, pl. zarābī), or zirbiyya, zurbiyya : a carpet decorated with multicoloured bands. Binn

zard̲j̲ūn

(17 words)

zard̲j̲ūn (P ?) : a loan-word in Arabic for the colours red and gilt. Lawn

ẓarf

(45 words)

ẓarf (A, pl. zurūf) : lit. vessel, container; courtesy, elegance. Ada Pāzāri̊̊; refinement. al-Was̲h̲m In grammar,…

zarī

(23 words)

zarī (P), or zar baft : a gold brocade, for which e.g. Kās̲h̲ān was well known during the Ṣafawid period. Kās̲h̲ān

ẓarībān

(12 words)

ẓarībān (A), or ẓarbān : in zoology, the zoril. Ḳunduz

ẓarīf

(38 words)

ẓarīf (A, pl. ẓurafāʾ) : in mediaeval Islamic social and literary life, a person endowed with elegance,…

zar-i maḥbūb

(27 words)

zar-i maḥbūb : in numismatics, a three-quarter’s weight Ottoman gold coin, 2.64 g, introduced in the…
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