Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(10 words)

zak̲h̲rafa (A) : in art, ornament, ornamentation. al-Zaḳāzīḳ


(29 words)

zaḳḳūm (A) : in eschatology, a tree growing in Hell with bitter fruit which the damned are condemned…


(19 words)

zakūrī (A) : in mediaeval ʿIrāḳ, bread collected as alms and intended for prisoners and beggars. Mukaddī


(15 words)

zaḳzaḳa (A) : the twittering of large numbers of birds in trees. al-Zaḳāzīḳ


(12 words)

zaḳzūḳ (A, pl. zaḳāzīḳ) : in zoology, the carp. al-Zaḳāzīḳ


(41 words)

zalīd̲j̲ (A, pl. zalāʾid̲j̲), also zallīd̲j̲ : in art, a mosaic composed of fragments of pottery squares …


(48 words)

ẓalīm (A) : in astronomy, two constellations ( al-ẓalīmānsup:i ), one al- ~ al-s̲h̲imālī ‘the northern male’ or μ…


(13 words)

zallād̲j̲ (A) : a term used for a Nile boat. al-Nīl


(11 words)

zalzala (A, pl. zalāzil), also zilzāl : earthquake. Zalzal

zalzūm, zalẓūm

(18 words)

zalzūm, zalẓūm (A) : in zoology, the tusks of the wild boar (syn. k̲h̲and̲j̲al). K̲h̲inzīr


(15 words)

zām : a unit of measurement, equal to three Farsak̲h̲s. K̲h̲arīṭa (or K̲h̲āriṭa)


(13 words)

zamān (A) : time. al-Zamak̲h̲s̲h̲arī zamāniyya (A) : mean time. al-Tasyīr


(34 words)

zamāzima (A) : according to al-ʿAynī, precious ‘bridles’ that the eponymous ancestor of the Sāsānids…


(17 words)

zamīn-būs (P) : in Čis̲h̲tī mystical practice, the practice of prostration before the S̲h̲ayk̲h̲. Suhrawardiyya


(51 words)

zamīndār (P) : lit. land-holder, master of the land; under the Mug̲h̲als, a class of holders of rights over land (syn. bū…


(53 words)

zammāra (A) : ‘joined’; the name in the mediaeval period for a double reed-pipe. Since the 18th cent…


(145 words)

zamzam (A) : an onomatopoeic qualifier, with zumāzim, denoting an ‘abundant supply of water’; the name of t…
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