Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(44 words)

zad̲j̲r (A) : often used as the equivalent of Ṭīra, ~ originally consisted of the deliberate instiga…


(40 words)

zaʿfarān (A) : in botany, saffron, Crocus sativus L. or Crocus officinalis Pers. Hindustānī; Ẓafār; and Māʾ zaʿfarān I…


(16 words)

zaffa (A) : the procession of bride or bridegroom to their wedding. ʿUrs ff.


(11 words)

zag̲h̲al (A) : in numismatics, a counterfeit coin. Tazwīr


(85 words)

zag̲h̲ar (T), zag̲h̲ārī (A) : a hunting dog, hound. Ḳaṭā; Zag̲h̲anos Pas̲h̲a zag̲h̲ard̲j̲i̊ …


(15 words)

zag̲h̲rada (A, pl. zag̲h̲radāt) : a trilling ululation, as uttered in joy. Makka


(14 words)

zaḥḥāfa Mālaḳ zaḥḥāfāt (A) : in zoology, the class of reptiles. Timbuktu


(20 words)

zāhid (A, pl. zuhhād) : an ascetic, pious person who has given up all worldly goods. Madrasa; Ribāṭ


(183 words)

ẓāhir (A, pl. ẓawāhir) : lit. the outward meaning of a word, language or event; in legal theory, the me…


(74 words)

ẓahīr (A) : lit. help, support; in the administration of the Muslim West, a royal decree issued by t…


(79 words)

zahr (A) : flower, blossom, more precisely, yellow flower, yellow blossom. al-Zahrāwī In prosody, in particular …


(17 words)

ẓahr (A), or ẓahriyya : in manuscript production, the recto of the first folio. ʿUnṣurī


(15 words)

zahw (A) : a kind of date, from which wine was made. K̲h̲amr


(41 words)

zāʾid (A, pl. zawāʾid) : in grammar, an auxiliary consonant. Wazn; in Persian lexicography, ~ came to b…


(90 words)

zaʿīm (A, pl. zuʿamāʾ) : chief, leader; a tribal chief. Sayyid; Zahriyyāt In the Ottoman empire, a person in cha…


(48 words)

zāʾird̲j̲a (A), or zāʾirad̲j̲a : in divination, a technique that involved a mechanical means of calcula…


(135 words)

zakāt (A) : obligatory payment by Muslims of a determinate portion of specified categories of their …
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