Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

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Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies

Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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ẓāʾ

(29 words)

ẓāʾ (A) : the seventeenth letter of the Arabic alphabet, with the numerical value 900. Its transliteration reflects…

zabād

(18 words)

zabād (A), or sinnawr al-zabād : in zoology, the civet cat ( Viverra civetta). Sinnawr zabādī Yog̲h̲urt

zabāniyya

(28 words)

zabāniyya (A) : Qurʾānic term usually interpreted as the guardians of Hell or else the angels who ca…

zabard̲j̲ad

(11 words)

zabard̲j̲ad : in mineralogy, the chrysolith. al-Dahnad̲j̲; and Zamurrud

zabbāl

(24 words)

zabbāl (A, Tun g̲h̲abbār) : ‘superintendent of the supply of dung-fuel for the furnace’ of a ḥammām ‘steam bath’. Ḥa…

zabīb

(45 words)

zabīb (A) : dried grapes, raisins or currents. al-Zabbāʾ; or zbīb, a non-alcoholic drink made from dried grape…

zabr

(27 words)

zabr (A) : the act of pruning, practised in Andalusia on the grapevine to increase the vine’s produc…

zabūr

(73 words)

zabūr (A) : term found in pre-Islamic poetry for a written text, and in the Qurʾān referring to a di…

zaʿbūt

(9 words)

zaʿbūt (A) : a woollen garment. Ṣūf

zabzab

(10 words)

zabzab (A) : in zoology, the badger. Fahd

zād̲j̲

(9 words)

zād̲j̲ (A) : in metallurgy, vitriol. Nuḥām

zad̲j̲al

(80 words)

zad̲j̲al (A) : in its non-technical meaning, ‘voice, sound or cry, trilling or quavering of the v…

zad̲j̲d̲j̲āl

(40 words)

zad̲j̲d̲j̲āl (Leb) : in Lebanese colloquial poetry, a composer of Zad̲j̲al vernacular poetry. When contrasted to a ḳa…
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