Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

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Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies

Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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yāʾ

(31 words)

yāʾ (A) : the twenty-eighth letter of the Arabic alphabet, with the numerical value 10. It stands for the semivowel y an…

yābānī

(14 words)

yābānī (A) : in modern Arabic, a person of Japanese descent. Yāʾ

yabg̲h̲u

(43 words)

yabg̲h̲u (T) : an ancient Turkish title, found in the Ork̲h̲on inscriptions to denote an office or r…

yabrūḥ

(74 words)

yabrūḥ (A) : in botany, the Mandragora or mandrake ( Mandragora officinarum, Solan…

yad

(46 words)

yad (A) : lit. hand, ~ covers a vast semantic range: power, help, strength, sufficiency, ability to …

yada tas̲h̲

(85 words)

yada tas̲h̲ (T) : lit. rain stone, appearing in Arabic texts as ḥad̲j̲ar al-maṭar, a magical stone by means of wh…

yag̲h̲mā

(7 words)

yag̲h̲mā (P) : plunder. Yag̲h̲ma

yahūd

(24 words)

yahūd (A, < Ar, s. yahūdī) : the common collective singular for ‘Jews’. A less common plural h…

yak̲h̲čāl

(19 words)

yak̲h̲čāl (P) : in architecture, a mud-brick structure built in Iran to make and store ice. Iran

yak̲h̲s̲h̲a

(10 words)

yak̲h̲s̲h̲a (Pah) : a pearl. Ṣīr Banī Yās

yaḳīn

(10 words)

yaḳīn (A) : in law, a certainty. Wuḍūʾ

yaḳṭīn

(19 words)

yaḳṭīn (A) : a plant mentioned in the Qurʾān, probably a kind of Cucurbitacea

yaʿḳūbī

(53 words)

yaʿḳūbī (A, pl. yaʿḳūbiyyūn, yaʿāḳiba, yaʿḳūbiyya) : a Jacobite Christian, the designation for a member o…
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