Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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ṣāʿ

(50 words)

ṣāʿ (A) : a measure of capacity which was used in the Ḥid̲j̲āz in the days of Muḥammad, equal to 4 m…

sāʿa

(125 words)

sāʿa (A) : lit. hour, hence ‘clock’. For the ancient Arabs, ~ meant nothing more than ‘a moment, a b…

saʿāda

(32 words)

saʿāda (A) : happiness, bliss; in Islamic philosophy, a central concept to describe the highest aim …

sabʿ

(88 words)

sabʿ (A), or sabʿa : the number seven. Saʿadyā Ben Yōsēf al-sabʿ al-ṭiwāl (A) : lit. …

sabab

(254 words)

sabab (A, pl. asbāb) : lit. rope, coming to designate anything which binds or connects; hence also ‘bon…

sabad

(13 words)

sabad (A) : smooth, as e.g. in describing goats’ hair. G̲h̲anam

sabal

(14 words)

sabal (A) : in medicine, the pathological eye condition of pannus. 456a

sabʿānī

(33 words)

sabʿānī (A), or misabbaʿ, nuʿmānī, bag̲h̲dādī : in folk-verse, a composition with the rhyme scheme a a a z z z a, which i…

sābāṭ

(69 words)

sābāṭ (A) : in Indian siegecraft, a word used to express two walls, the foundations of which were la…

ṣabbāg̲h̲

(17 words)

ṣabbāg̲h̲ (A) : a dyer, a skilled artisan in the mediaeval Near East. K̲h̲ays̲h̲; Sabasṭiyya

sabbāk

(26 words)

sabbāk (A) : a melter, one of the craftsmen employed as staff in the mint who carried out the actual…

sābiʿ al-arūs

(81 words)

sābiʿ al-arūs (A) : the first seven days of marriage, which play a special part in the marriage cere…

ṣabīb

(33 words)

ṣabīb (A) : a term used in addition to the general term Lawn ‘colour’ for a notion of liquid colour …

sābiḳ

(233 words)

sābiḳ (A) : the name for the first horse in a horse-race, according to the order of finishing. Furūsiyya In Druze hiera…

sabīl

(124 words)

sabīl (A, pl. subul; T sebīl) : lit. way, road, path; in the Qurʾān, ~ is also used figuratively in e.g. the expressions sa…

ṣabir

(13 words)

ṣabir (A) : aloes or some other bitter vegetable substance. Ḥināṭa

ṣabiyy

(87 words)

ṣabiyy (A) : a youth, boy, or male child; one that has not yet been weaned, so called from the time …
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