Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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pāʾ

(38 words)

ʾ (P), or bāʾ-i fārsī : the Bāʾ with three points subscript, invented for Persian as supplement to the…

pada

(8 words)

pada : in India, song. Ḳabbānī

pādis̲h̲āh

(22 words)

pādis̲h̲āh (P) : the name for Muslim rulers, especially emperors. Pāʾ In Turkish folklore, the chief of the D̲j…

pahlawān

(110 words)

pahlawān (P, < pahlaw ‘Parthian’; A bahlawān) : in pre-modern Persian and thence in Turkish, ‘wrestler’, ‘…

pāʾī

(52 words)

pāʾī (H ‘quarter’, > Eng ‘pie’) : in numismatics, the smallest copper coin of British India = one-tw…

pāiza

(34 words)

pāiza (Mon) : during the Mongol empire, an imperial tablet, given e.g. to postal couriers along with…

pālāhang

(43 words)

pālāhang (P, Ott pālāheng) : lit. string, rope, halter, cord; ~ is applied to the belt worn around the …

palkī

(64 words)

palkī (H ?) : ‘palanquin’, an enclosed variety of litter used in India for transporting people, its …

pān

(56 words)

pān (H ?) : in Mug̲h̲al cuisine, a heart-shaped green leaf smeared with lime and catechu, to which i…

panbuḳ

(22 words)

panbuḳ (T) : cotton, in western Turkish. Ḳuṭn, where other variants are found as well as terms in eastern Turkish

pandūl, or pandūr

(30 words)

pandūl, or pandūr : in the Ottoman period, a militia recruited in the Balkans among the free peasants …

papyrus

(52 words)

papyrus (Eng, < Gr) : one of the world’s oldest writing materials, ~ was used in Egypt, the land of …

pāra

(69 words)

pāra (P) : ‘piece’, ‘fragment’; in numismatics, a Turkish coin of the Ottoman and early Republican p…
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