Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

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Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies

Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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naʿām

(71 words)

naʿām (A, P us̲h̲turmug̲h̲, T devekus̲h̲u, both ‘camel-bird’) : in zoology, a collective noun denoting the ostrich ( S…

nabʿ

(25 words)

nabʿ (A) : in botany, Grewia tenax, a wood from which the pre-Islamic Arabs made their bows, still used to…

nāb

(21 words)

nāb (A, pl. niyāb) : in anatomy, the canine tooth. Imāla; Mak̲h̲ārid̲j̲ al-Ḥurūf In Persian, a measuring rod. D̲h…

nabaʾ

(28 words)

nabaʾ (A) : a Qurʾānic term for ‘news, announcement’, which meaning ~ has retained until today; also…

nabaʿ

(10 words)

nabaʿ (A) : a shallow water source. Abīward

nabāt

(19 words)

nabāt (A) : plants. Naʿām; and Sukkar nabātī a strong yellow-coloured paper preferred by Cairo printers. Kāg̲h̲ad

nabaṭī

(18 words)

nabaṭī (A) : in literature, the name given to the popular vernacular poetry of Arabia. Nabaṭ

nabaz

(24 words)

nabaz (A, pl. anbāz) : in onomastics, an unpleasant sobriquet, Laḳab, such as that of Marwān I ( al-ḥimār ‘the ass’). …

nabbās̲h̲

(32 words)

nabbās̲h̲ (A) : lit. burrower, excavator; in mediaeval Islam, a category of thieves, said to be well…

nabī

(33 words)

nabī (A, pl. nabiyyūn) : prophet. When used in the Qurʾān, ~ seems to occur only in Medinan passages an…

nabīd̲h̲

(72 words)

nabīd̲h̲ (A) : intoxicating drinks, several kinds of which were produced in early Arabia, such as mizr (from barley;…

nābita

(28 words)

nābita (A) : a term of classical Arabic meaning ‘rising generation’, but one which today has acquire…

nabḳ

(14 words)

nabḳ (A) : in botany, the fruit of the Sidr tree. Sidr

nabl

(30 words)

nabl (A) : in archery, a wooden or Arab arrow, one of the three main words denoting the arrow, the others being Sahm and nus…

nad̲h̲īr

(59 words)

nad̲h̲īr (A, pl. nud̲h̲ur) : ‘warner’; a Qurʾānic term, whose opposite is bas̲h̲īr, mubas̲h̲s̲h̲ir. Both ~ and bas̲h̲…

nad̲h̲r

(132 words)

nad̲h̲r (A, pl. nud̲h̲ūr) : ‘vow’, a procedure which was taken over into Islam from the pre-Islamic Ara…

nadīm

(54 words)

nadīm (A, pl. nidām, nudamāʾ, nudmān) : drinking companion, and, by extension, friend, courtier (or confi…

nādira

(62 words)

nādira (A), pl. nawādir : lit. rare thing, rarity; a pleasing anecdote containing wit, humour, joculari…
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