Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(44 words)

ifrād (A) : in the context of the pilgrimage, one of three methods of performing it, consisting of m…


(77 words)

ifrand̲j̲ (A), or firand̲j̲ : the Franks. The name was originally used of the inhabitants of the empire…


(12 words)

ifrāṭ (A) : among the s̲h̲īʿīs, exaggeration in religion. al-S̲h̲aʿbī


(43 words)

ifrīḳiya (A, < L) : the eastern part of the Mag̲h̲rib, whence the name adopted by some modern histor…


(106 words)

ʿifrīt (A, pl. ʿ afārīt) : an epithet expressing power, cunning and insubordination, ~ occurs only once …


(39 words)

iftitāḥ (A) : in the science of diplomatic, the introduction or introductory protocol of documents, …


(11 words)

īg̲h̲āl (A) : in rhetoric, epiphrasis. Maʿān; and Mubālag̲h̲a


(79 words)

īg̲h̲ār (A) : in classical Muslim administration, both an exemption or a privilege with respect to t…
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