Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

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Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies

Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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ʿibādāt

(79 words)

ʿibādāt (A, s. ʿibāda) : submissive obedience to a master, and therefore religious practice, correspond…

ʿibādī

(9 words)

ʿibādī (A) : Christian. ʿAdī b. Musāfir

ibāḥa

(103 words)

ibāḥa (A) : originally, ‘making a thing apparent or manifest’, hence ‘making a thing allowable or fr…

ʿibāra

(25 words)

ʿibāra (A) : in mysticism, the ‘literal language’, which is unsuitable for exoteric topics, in contr…

ibdāʿ

(29 words)

ibdāʿ (A) : absolute creation; primordial innovation; the bringing into existence with nothing prece…

ibdāl

(44 words)

ibdāl (A) : replacement, mutation; in grammar, a term indicating both morphological features involvi…

ibhām

(10 words)

ibhām (A) : in literary theory, amphibology. Tawriya

ibil

(25 words)

ibil (A) : in zoology, the collective noun for the dromedary ( camelus dromedarius) and the camel proper ( camelus bact…

ibn

(107 words)

ibn (A, pl. Abnāʾ) : son. Iblīs; descendant. Ögedey ibn adīmayn Dalw ibn awbar (A) : in botany, the sand truffle. Ibn ibn …

ʿibra

(126 words)

ʿibra (A) : the assessed value of the revenue on an estate. Iḳṭāʿ; Ḳānūn; ~ may have originated simp…

ibra

(59 words)

ibra (A) : a term used in navigation denoting the needle of a compass, ḥuḳḳa. The rose of the compass was known as bayt al-…

ibrīḳ

(53 words)

ibrīḳ (A) : in art, a term used for any kind of ewer, irrespective of function or material, but gene…

ibrīz

(42 words)

ibrīz (A) : in numismatics, purified gold. Other laudatory terms for coins are d̲j̲ayyid ‘good, excellent’, k̲h̲āliṣ…

ibrīzim

(12 words)

ibrīzim (P) : a type of silk from Ḵh̲urāsān. al-Ḳuds

ibtidāʾ

(71 words)

ibtidāʾ (A) : introduction, prologue; in rhetoric, the ~ is one of the three sections of the poem or…

ič og̲h̲lāni̊

(75 words)

ič og̲h̲lāni̊ (T), or ič ag̲h̲a : lit. lad of the interior; the name given to the ʿAd̲j̲amī Og̲h̲lān afte…
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