Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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hadiyya

(122 words)

hadiyya (A) : a gift which in the Muslim East frequently implied an effort on the part of a person o…

ḥad̲j̲al

(10 words)

ḥad̲j̲al (A) : in zoology, the partridge. Sayābid̲j̲a

ḥad̲j̲ar

(58 words)

ḥad̲j̲ar (A) : stone; also applied to any solid inorganic body occurring anywhere in Nature. Ḥadīt̲h…

had̲j̲ar

(35 words)

had̲j̲ar (A, Eth hagar ‘town’) : the normal word for ‘town’ in the epigraphic dialects of pre-Islamic S…

ḥad̲j̲d̲j̲

(65 words)

ḥad̲j̲d̲j̲ (A) : the pilgrimage to Mecca, ʿArafāt and Minā, one of the five pillars of Islam. It is …

ḥād̲j̲ib

(136 words)

ḥād̲j̲ib (A) : the person responsible for guarding the door of access to the ruler, hence ‘chamberla…

had̲j̲īn

(26 words)

had̲j̲īn (A), or s̲h̲ihrī : the ‘mixed breed’, whose sire is better bred than the dam, one of four clas…

hād̲j̲is

(12 words)

hād̲j̲is (A) : in Yemen, term for poetic inspiration. S̲h̲āʿir

ḥad̲j̲m

(17 words)

ḥad̲j̲m (A) : in medicine, cupping without or after the scarification, S̲h̲arṭ. D̲j̲āriya b. Ḳudāma

ḥad̲j̲r

(77 words)

ḥad̲j̲r (A) : prevention, inhibition; in law, the interdiction, the restriction of the capacity to d…

ḥaḍra

(49 words)

ḥaḍra (A) : presence; a title of respect; in mysticism, ~ is a synonym of ḥuḍūr ‘being in the presence of God’. al-…

hady

(19 words)

hady (A) : oblation; a pre-Islamic sacrificial offering which survived in Islam under the name Ḍaḥiyya. Ḥaḍūr

ḥaffāra

(31 words)

ḥaffāra (A) : in zoology, the wrasse, whose Arabic term is found again in the Latinised nomenclature…

ḥaffī

(12 words)

ḥaffī (A) : a cotton material stemming from Nīs̲h̲āpūr. Ḳuṭn
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