Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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fāʾ

(27 words)

fāʾ (A) : the twentieth letter of the Arabic alphabet, transcribed f, with the numerical value 80. It is define…

faḍāʾil

(81 words)

faḍāʾil (A, s. faḍīla) : lit. virtues, a genre of literature exposing the excellences of things, indivi…

fadān

(61 words)

fadān (A) : a word that seems to have been applied at the same time to the yoke, to the pair of oxen…

faddān

(44 words)

faddān (A) : a yoke of oxen; the standard measure of land in Egypt in former times. It was defined b…

fad̲h̲laka

(49 words)

fad̲h̲laka (A, < fa-d̲h̲ālika) : in mathematics, the sum, total. Besides being placed at the bottom of …

faḍīk̲h̲

(37 words)

faḍīk̲h̲ (A) : a kind of date, from which wine was made. K̲h̲amr; a drink composed of fruits (dates,…

fad̲j̲r

(93 words)

fad̲j̲r (A) : dawn, daybreak. al-fad̲j̲r al-kād̲h̲ib (A), or al-ṣubḥ al-kād̲h̲ib : lit. the false dawn; the Ar…

faḍl

(6 words)

faḍl Dāʾir; Raḥma; Ṣila

fāfīr

(13 words)

fāfīr (Egy) : in Egypt, the term used for papyrus. Pant̲h̲ay

fag̲h̲fūr

(42 words)

fag̲h̲fūr (P), or bag̲h̲būr : title of the emperor of China in the Muslim sources. Faḍli fag̲h̲fūrī …

fahd

(20 words)

fahd (A, < Gk or L pardus ?; P yūz) : in zoology, the cheetah ( Acinonyx jubatus). Fag̲h̲fūr

fāḥis̲h̲a

(8 words)

fāḥis̲h̲a (A) : a sin. Ziḥāf

faḥl

(20 words)

faḥl (A, pl. fuḥūl) : lit. stallion; in literature, a term given to a powerful poet. Aljamía; Naḳd

faḥm

(32 words)

faḥm (A) : in mineralogy, coal, used in early Islam as fuel for ovens while its ashes were utilised …

fahrasa

(66 words)

fahrasa (A, < P fihrist) : the name given in Muslim Spain to kinds of catalogues, in which scholars enum…

fāʿil

(10 words)

fāʿil (A) : in grammar, the agent. Rafʿ

fāʾit

(23 words)

fāʾit (A), or fawāt : continuation of a work (syn. ṣila), but connoting discontinuity in relation to the origi…

faḳʿ

(12 words)

faḳʿ (A) : on the Arabian peninsula, truffles. Ḏj̲azīrat al-ʿArab

fak̲h̲k̲h̲ār

(19 words)

fak̲h̲k̲h̲ār (A) : earthenware vase, pottery, ceramics, produced by practically every country in the…

fak̲h̲r

(31 words)

fak̲h̲r (A) : self-praise. Rad̲j̲az fak̲h̲riyya (T, < A) : in Turkish prosody,…

fāḳiʿ

(19 words)

fāḳiʿ (A) : said of the child who has become active, and has started to grow. Ṣag̲h̲īr

faḳīh

(98 words)

faḳīh (A, pl. fuḳahāʾ) : in its non-technical meaning ~ denotes anyone possessing knowledge, fiḳh, of a thing (syn. ʿāl…

faḳīr

(79 words)

faḳīr (A, pl. fuḳarāʾ) : a needy person, a pauper; its etymological meaning is ‘one whose backbone is broken’. In mysti…

fakkāk

(60 words)

fakkāk (A) : the individual who devotes himself totally or episodically to the ransoming of Muslims …

faḳḳūs

(18 words)

faḳḳūs (A) : in botany, unripe melons, one of the summer crops in mediaeval Egypt. Māʾ

faʾl

(79 words)

faʾl (A) : an omen, appearing in varied forms, ranging from simple sneezing, certain peculiarities o…

falad̲j̲

(61 words)

falad̲j̲ (A, pl. aflād̲j̲) : the term used in Oman, Trucial Oman, and Bahrain to designate an undergrou…

falak

(195 words)

falak (A, pl. aflāk) : sphere, in particular the Celestial Sphere. Fāl-Nāma; al-Nud̲j̲ūm falak al-awd̲j̲ …

falaḳa

(91 words)

falaḳa (A) : an apparatus used for immobilising the feet in order to apply a bastinado on the soles …

falāsifa

(15 words)

falāsifa (A, < Gk; s. faylasūf) : the Greek thinkers; philosophers. Falakī S̲h̲irwānī

fālid̲j̲

(23 words)

fālid̲j̲ (A, pl. fawālid̲j̲) : the camelus bactrianus, or camel proper, with two humps. Ibdāl In medicine, hemipleg…

falīd̲j̲a

(52 words)

falīd̲j̲a (A), and s̲h̲uḳḳa : bands of hair or wool forming the awning of an Arab tent. They were sewn …

fallāḥ

(16 words)

fallāḥ (A, pl. fallāḥīn) : ploughman; member of the sedentary rural population. ʿArabiyya; Fiʿl

fallāḳ

(85 words)

fallāḳ (A, B fellāga) : brigands and subsequently rebels in Tunisia and Algeria. Originally the term wa…

fallāta

(49 words)

fallāta : term, strictly signifying the Fulānī, used in the Nilotic Sudan for Muslim immigrants from the western bilād…

fals

(55 words)

fals (A, pl. fulūs) : the name of the copper or bronze coin, regardless of its size or weight. Fallāta In astronomy, a s…

falsafa

(43 words)

falsafa (A, < Gk) : Greek thought; philosophy. ~ began as a search by Muslims with s̲h̲īʿī leanings …

falta

(19 words)

falta (A) : a precipitate, arbitrary act, excusable only because God had bestowed success on it. S̲h̲īʿa

falṭīṭa

(25 words)

falṭīṭa (A), or d̲j̲alṭīṭa, d̲j̲anṭīṭa : a skirt of Spanish origin worn mainly by Jewish and Andalusian …

fanak

(64 words)

fanak (A, < P; pl. afnāk) : in zoology, the fennec-fox ( Fennecus zerda), in the Muslim West, and the Corsac or K…
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