Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

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Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies

Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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čabūtra

(12 words)

čabūtra (P) : in Mug̲h̲al architecture, a platform. Tādj Maḥall

čadirk̲h̲äyal

(30 words)

čadirk̲h̲äyal (T) : one of two varieties of puppet theatre in Central Asia, a marionette show with f…

čādur

(6 words)

čādur Rū band; S̲h̲awdar

čag̲h̲āna

(22 words)

čag̲h̲āna (T) : in music, the ‘Jingling Johnny’ (Fr chapeau chinois, Ger Schellenbaum), now superseded by the po…

čahār

(81 words)

čahār (P) : four. čahār bāg̲h̲ (P) Bāg̲h̲ čahār sūḳ Sūḳ čahār tāḳ (P) : the mostly di…

čaki̊r

(60 words)

čaki̊r (T) : a merlin and falcon, one of the birds of prey making up the traditional sport of hawkin…

čaḳs̲h̲īr

(20 words)

čaḳs̲h̲īr (T, A s̲h̲aḳs̲h̲īr) : Turkish-style pantaloons, underdrawers, worn by both sexes in Egypt, Sy…

čandi

(38 words)

čandi : a temple of either Hindu or Buddhist intention, ultimately of Indian origin but modified by …

canḳri

(24 words)

canḳri : a word used in Laḳ society to designate children of marriages between Bagtals and women of …

čao

(43 words)

čao (P, < Ch ṭṣʿau) : the name given to paper currency in circulation in Iran for about two months in 69…

čark̲h̲

(15 words)

čark̲h̲ Sang čark̲h̲-kamān (P) : a multiple-firing arbalest, borrowed from the Mongols. Ḳaws

čars̲h̲i̊

(39 words)

čars̲h̲i̊ (T) : in Ottoman times, common term for both individual business locales and covered marke…

čās̲h̲na-gīr

(151 words)

čās̲h̲na-gīr (P, A d̲h̲awwāḳ) : ‘taster’, the title of an official, generally an amīr, at the court of …
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