Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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ābdār-bās̲h̲ī

(19 words)

ābdār-bās̲h̲ī (P) : in Ṣafawid times, an official in the royal kitchen in charge of drinks. Maṭbak̲h̲

abd̲j̲ad

(27 words)

abd̲j̲ad (A), or abad̲j̲ad, abū d̲j̲ad : the first of the mnemotechnical terms into which the twenty-eigh…

ābiḳ

(9 words)

ābiḳ (A) : a runaway slave. ʿAbd

ʿabḳarī

(11 words)

ʿabḳarī (A) : a genie of great intelligence. S̲h̲āyḳiyya

abnāʾ

(199 words)

abnāʾ (A, s. ibn) : sons As a denomination, it is applied to two tribes, viz. the descendants of Saʿd b. Z…

abrāmīs

(10 words)

abrāmīs (A) : in zoology, the bream. Samak

ābs̲h̲ār

(44 words)

ābs̲h̲ār (P) : in Muslim India, large water chutes, made of inclined and carved marble slabs, which …

abū

(341 words)

abū (A) : father abū barāḳis̲h̲ (A) : a name, no longer in use, given to two b…

abyaḍ

(48 words)

abyaḍ (A) : the colour white; also, saliva, a sword, money, and paradoxically, in Africa, coal. In the Qurʾān, ~ and aswa…

ʿād

(36 words)

ʿād (A) : from the expression min al-ʿād, it has been suggested that ~ means ‘the ancient time’ and that th…

adāʾ

(61 words)

adāʾ (A) : lit. payment, accomplishment. In law, ~ is a technical term to designate the accomplishment of …

ʿāda

(20 words)

ʿāda (A), or ʿurf : a (pre-Islamic) custom; customary law. Adāʾ; Atjèh; Berbers; Iṣlāḥ ff.; Res̲h̲īd Pa…

adab

(239 words)

adab (A, pl. ādāb) : originally, a habit, a practical norm of conduct, equivalent to sunna; during the …

adak

(4 words)

adak Nad̲h̲r-Niyāzmanlik

ʿadāla

(51 words)

ʿadāla (A) : the quality of ʿAdl; the state of a person who in general obeys the moral and religious law. ʿAdl In public l…

ʿadam

(24 words)

ʿadam (A) : the absence of existence or being, used by the Muslim philosophers as the equivalent of …

adan

(14 words)

adan (J, Sun) : the Javanese and Sundanese form of Ad̲h̲ān. Masd̲j̲id

ʿadas

(17 words)

ʿadas (A) : in botany, lentils, one of the winter crops in mediaeval Egypt. Māʾ

aḍāt

(27 words)

aḍāt (A, N.Afr ḍāya) : in the Sahara of southern Morocco and Algeria, small basins where the limestone …
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