Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: M. Th.Houtsma, T.W.Arnold, R.Basset and R.Hartmann
The Encyclopaedia of Islam First Edition Online (EI1) was originally published in print between 1913 and 1936. The demand for an encyclopaedic work on Islam was created by the increasing (colonial) interest in Muslims and Islamic cultures during the nineteenth century. The scope of the  Encyclopedia of Islam First Edition Online is philology, history, theology and law until early 20th century. Such famous scholars as Houtsma, Wensinck, Gibb, Snouck Hurgronje, and Lévi-Provençal were involved in this scholarly endeavor. The Encyclopedia of Islam First Edition Online offers access to 9,000 articles.

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Yazīdī

(7,006 words)

Author(s): Menzel, Th.
, Yazīdīya, the name of a Kurd tribal group and of their peculiar religion which shows ancient characteristics. Area of Distribution. The Yazīdīs are found scattered over a wide area usually leading a settled life but also split up into nomadic clans: 1. in the district of Mōṣul in the northern ʿIrāḳ, in Assyria proper, in the district of S̲h̲aik̲h̲ān. Special mention may be made of: Bāʿad̲h̲rī (Bāʿid̲h̲rī, Baʿid̲h̲rā) about 40 miles N. of Mōṣul, the residence of the chief emīr, their political head; three hours …

al-Yāzid̲j̲ī

(1,899 words)

Author(s): Kratschkowsky, Ign.
, 1. al-S̲h̲aik̲h̲ Nāṣīf b. ʿAbd Allāh, an Arab poet and philologist of the xixth century, born March 25, 1800 in Kafr S̲h̲īmā(Lebanon, near Bairūt; see Baedeker, Palästina und Syrien, seventh ed., p. 266 and map at p. 263), d. on 8th (not 5th as G.A.L., ii. 494) February 1871 in Bairūt. Members of his family, mainly of the Greek orthodox confession, are mentioned as early as the xviith century in northern Syria, especially in Ḥimṣ, Ṭarābulus etc. as capable secretaries of Turkish officials and the higher clergy, whence their family name Kātib, Turk. Yāzid̲j̲ī (see ʿI. I. al-Maʿlūf, Dawāni ’l…

Yāzid̲j̲i-Og̲h̲lu

(1,041 words)

Author(s): Babinger, Franz
or Yāzid̲j̲i-Zāde, the epithet of two early Ottoman poets and mystics, both sons of a certain yāzid̲j̲i (i.e. kātib) Ṣalāḥ al-Dīn. He is said to have come from Boli and spent most of his later life in Angora. Ṣalāḥ al-Dīn wrote in addition to works on mysticism, a treatise on medicine called S̲h̲emsīye and a poetical calendar of 5,000 couplets of no literary value, but perhaps of linguistic interest, on the omens of certain phenomena in the heavens such as rainbows, eclipses, lunar rings, falling stars etc. The work was published in 841 (1412) an…

Yāzūrī

(591 words)

Author(s): Wiet, G.
, Abū Muḥammad al-Ḥasan b. ʿAlī, vizier and chief ḳāḍī of the Fāṭimid caliph al-Mustanṣir bi ’llāh. His father was a citizen in comfortable circumstances of Yāzūr, a little town in Palestine near Ramla. It was in his native town that he began his administrative career in the office of ḳāḍī. In this capacity he attracted the attention of an officer in the service of al-Mustanṣir’s mother, by reporting to him an injustice done by the chief ḳāḍī of Egypt and it was probably as a result of this that he was transferred to the capital with a post in the official hierarchy. After the assassination of th…

Yeñičeri

(5 words)

[see Janissaries .]

Yes̲h̲il-Irmaḳ

(78 words)

Author(s): Huart, Cl.
(t., “green river”), a river in Asia Minor (the ancient Iris) formed by the combination of the Gilgit coming from Ḳara-Ḥiṣār-S̲h̲arḳī and Nigisār and the Tūzānli from the west, i. e. from the direction of Amasia. It runs straight north, enters the sand̲j̲aḳ of Ḏj̲ānīk (wilāyet of Trebizond) and flows into the Black Sea opposite Sāmṣūn. Its length is about 60 miles from the confluence of the two rivers. (Cl. Huart) Bibliography Sāmī-Bey, Ḳāmūs al-Aʿlām, vi. 4799.

Yezdegerd

(5 words)

[see Sāsānians .]
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