Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies

Edited by: M. Th.Houtsma, T.W.Arnold, R.Basset and R.Hartmann
The Encyclopaedia of Islam First Edition Online (EI1) was originally published in print between 1913 and 1936. The demand for an encyclopaedic work on Islam was created by the increasing (colonial) interest in Muslims and Islamic cultures during the nineteenth century. The scope of the  Encyclopedia of Islam First Edition Online is philology, history, theology and law until early 20th century. Such famous scholars as Houtsma, Wensinck, Gibb, Snouck Hurgronje, and Lévi-Provençal were involved in this scholarly endeavor. The Encyclopedia of Islam First Edition Online offers access to 9,000 articles.

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Valencia

(1,181 words)

Author(s): Lévi-Provençal, E.
, Arabic Balansīya, a town in Spain, the third in size as regards population, which is over 250,000, lying on the east of the Peninsula, 3 miles from the Mediterranean and from its port, el Grao. It is connected with Madrid by 340 miles of railway; the distance as the crow flies is however only 188 miles. Valencia is the capital of the province of the same name and the diocese of an archbishop. Its situation is a striking one, in the centre of the fertile Huerta de Valencia which is watered by the Turia or Guadalaviar (Ar. Wādi ’l-abyaḍ, the “White River”). Unlike Cordova or Toledo, the old c…

Varna

(1,187 words)

Author(s): Bajraktarević, Fehim
, a Bulgarian town on the Black Sea, the chief harbour of export of the country, capital of the district of the same name, lies at the mouth of the Devna surrounded by gardens and vineyards. The town, which down to 1878 was strongly fortified, is the terminal station of railway from Sofia and Ruščuk and according to the census of Dec. 31, 1926 has 60,563 inhabitants. The development of the modern harbour has considerably increased trade, commerce and industry. Before the war of 1878, Turks formed more than half the-population, and Jireček ( Das Fürstenthum Bulgarien, p. 531) could say as l…