Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies

Edited by: M. Th.Houtsma, T.W.Arnold, R.Basset and R.Hartmann
The Encyclopaedia of Islam First Edition Online (EI1) was originally published in print between 1913 and 1936. The demand for an encyclopaedic work on Islam was created by the increasing (colonial) interest in Muslims and Islamic cultures during the nineteenth century. The scope of the  Encyclopedia of Islam First Edition Online is philology, history, theology and law until early 20th century. Such famous scholars as Houtsma, Wensinck, Gibb, Snouck Hurgronje, and Lévi-Provençal were involved in this scholarly endeavor. The Encyclopedia of Islam First Edition Online offers access to 9,000 articles.

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al-Obolla

(666 words)

Author(s): Kramers, J. H.
was in the middle ages a large town in the canal region of the Tigris Delta, east of al-Baṣra. It was situated on the right bank of the Tigris and on the north side of the large canal called Nahr al-Obolla, which was the main waterway from al-Baṣra in a southeastern direction to the Tigris and further to ʿAbbādān and the sea. The length of this canal is generally given as four farsak̲h̲s or two barīds (al-Maḳdisī). Al-Obolla can be identified with ’Απολόγου ’Εμπόριον, mentioned in the Periplus Maris Erythraei (Geogr. Graeci Minores, i. 285) as lying near the coast. In a story told by al-Masʿūdī ( Mur…

Ochialy

(536 words)

Author(s): Kramers, J. H.
, Turkish corsair and admiral in the xvith century. He was born in a village of Calabria called Licastelli, about 1500, as, at the time of his death in 1587, he is said to have been over ninety years old. Ochialy is the name by which he is known in Italian sources of the time; the Turkish sources call him Ulud̲j̲ ʿAlī, which name probably was given to him in Northern Africa. It may be the Arabic plural ʿulūd̲j̲ (from ʿild̲j̲), denoting his foreign descent (Hammer, G.O. R.2, ii. 481,751 gives conflicting statements). After being a captured galley slave, he became a Muḥammadan and e…

Ocsonoba

(163 words)

Author(s): Lévi-Provençal, E.
, the old name of the circle ( kūra) in al-Andalus corresponding to the present Portuguese province ofhlgarve of which Silves [q. v.; Ar. S̲h̲ilb] was the capital. The geographers and historians transliterate this place name in the forms Uk̲h̲ūnuba and Uk̲h̲s̲h̲ūnuba; we also find the wrong forms Us̲h̲kūnīya and Us̲h̲kūnya, the result of graphic errors. The name Osconoba seems also sometimes to be applied to a town which would be the old Santa Maria de Algarve [q. v.] now Faro. On the authority of an epigraphical reference it has however been identified with Milreu (Estoy) by Hübner ( C I L, ii…

Ofen

(4 words)

[See Budapest.]

Og̲h̲ul

(175 words)

Author(s): Babinger, Franz
, a word common to all the Turkish languages, meaning “son”, “child”, “descendant”. In this connection attention may be called to certain formations, such as od̲j̲aḳ og̲h̲lu, “son of good house”, ḳul og̲h̲lu, which used to be applied to the sons of the Janissaries. Og̲h̲ul is very frequently found in family names where it takes the place of the Persian zāde or the Arabic ibn, e. g. Ḥekīm-og̲h̲lu or Ḥekīm-zāde for Ibn al-Ḥekīm or Ramaḍān-og̲h̲ul for Ramaḍān-zāde or Ibn Ramaḍān (where it should be remembered that the Arabic ibn does not mean exclusively “son” but “descendant”). An in…