Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: M. Th.Houtsma, T.W.Arnold, R.Basset and R.Hartmann
The Encyclopaedia of Islam First Edition Online (EI1) was originally published in print between 1913 and 1936. The demand for an encyclopaedic work on Islam was created by the increasing (colonial) interest in Muslims and Islamic cultures during the nineteenth century. The scope of the  Encyclopedia of Islam First Edition Online is philology, history, theology and law until early 20th century. Such famous scholars as Houtsma, Wensinck, Gibb, Snouck Hurgronje, and Lévi-Provençal were involved in this scholarly endeavor. The Encyclopedia of Islam First Edition Online offers access to 9,000 articles.

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Jacob

(4 words)

[See isrāʾīl.]

Jaén

(446 words)

Author(s): Seybold, C. F.
, situated at the foot on the north east of the Iabalcuz (= Ḏj̲abal Kūz), west of the Guadalbullón, is the capital (1700 feet above sea level; 30,000 inhabitants) of the Spanish province of the same name (300,000 inhabitants), the area in which the Guadalquivir-Baetis takes its rise in Upper Andalusia; Andalusia in ¶ the narrower use of the word (el Andalucía) comprises the whole basin of the Baetis and its tributaries and from west to east includes the five modern provinces of Huelva, Cádiz, Sevilla, Córdoba and Jaén, while Andalusia in the wider…

Janina

(602 words)

Author(s): Huart, Cl.
(ʾΙωάννινα, ʾΙάννινα, turkish Yāniya), a town in lower Albania, on the west bank of the lake of the same name, at the foot of Mount Mitzikélis, 1900 feet above the sea-level. It was formerly the capital of the vilāyet of the same name. The palace of the Pas̲h̲a and two of its mosques are situated on a peninsula which runs out to the middle of the lake. It was defended by several forts. It replaced the ancient Dodona which had become the see of a bishopric, and the ruins of which are still to be see…

Janissaries

(2,229 words)

Author(s): Huart, Cl.
(Turkish yeñi-čeri[ k], “new troops”), the name given to the regular infantry created by the Ottoman Turks in the xivth century, which became their principal force and rendered possible the vast conquests made in this and the following centuries. Their organisation goes back to Sulṭān Ork̲h̲ān (726 = 1326), son and successor of ʿOt̲h̲mān, his brother and prime minister ʿAlāʾ al-Dīn, and Kara Khalīl Čendereli [see čenderili], brother-in-law of S̲h̲aik̲h̲ Edebālī. Before this time the chief Ottoman troops were, as in the Persian armies, bodies of horsemen called aḳyndji (light cavalr…

Japhet

(4 words)

[See yāfit̲h̲.]

Java

(6,260 words)

Author(s): Nieuwenhuis, A. W.
, the most important island in the Malay Archipelago, 2390 geographical square miles in area, in 5° south. Lat. is oblong in form, as it lies with Sumatra and the Little Sunda Islands on the southern Sunda fold mountains [see indies (dutch)]. In contrast to the western (Sumatra) and the eastern (Timor) end, the oldest rocks on the island of Java are entirely covered by tertiary and later volcanic products and coral limestones. The latter show that the island was at one time for the most part sunk below the sea-level and was afterwards …

Jeremiah

(864 words)

Author(s): Wensinck, A. J.
, the prophet. His name is vocalised in Arabic irmiyā, armiyā or ūrmiyā (see Tād̲j̲ al-ʿArūs, x. 157) and these forms are occasionally given with madd also ( Irmiyāʾ). Wabh b. Munabbih gives an account of him which turns upon the main points of the Old Testament story of Jeremiah: his call to be a prophet, his mission to the king of Judah, his mission to the people and his reluctance, the announcement of a foreign tyrant who is to rule over Judah. Jeremiah then rends his garments and curses the day on which he was born; he …

Jethro

(4 words)

[See s̲h̲uʿaib.]

Jews

(4 words)

[See yahūdī.]