Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: M. Th.Houtsma, T.W.Arnold, R.Basset and R.Hartmann
The Encyclopaedia of Islam First Edition Online (EI1) was originally published in print between 1913 and 1936. The demand for an encyclopaedic work on Islam was created by the increasing (colonial) interest in Muslims and Islamic cultures during the nineteenth century. The scope of the  Encyclopedia of Islam First Edition Online is philology, history, theology and law until early 20th century. Such famous scholars as Houtsma, Wensinck, Gibb, Snouck Hurgronje, and Lévi-Provençal were involved in this scholarly endeavor. The Encyclopedia of Islam First Edition Online offers access to 9,000 articles.

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(10 words)

(a.), title of the eightieth Sūra. [See ḳorʾān.]


(106 words)

Author(s): Streck, M.
, or Ābiskūn and Āboskūn, a town situated on the south-east shore of the Caspian Sea, in the province of Ḏj̲ord̲j̲ān, about a day’s journey to the north-west of Astarābād, close to the mouth of the river Ḏj̲ord̲j̲ān-Rūd. It was considered in the Middle Ages, if not as the most important, as one of the most important ports of the Caspian Sea, which for this reason was often called the Sea of Ābaskūn; comp. Barbier de Meynard, Diction, géogr. histor. el littér, de la Perse (Paris, 1861), p. 1; G. le Strange, The Lands of the Eastern Caliphate (Cambridge, 1905), p. 379. (M. Streck)


(958 words)

Author(s): Huart, Cl.
, Turkish name for the Abazes [see abk̲h̲āz], given as a surname to many persons in Ottoman history who descended from those people. 1. Ābāza Pas̲h̲a, taken prisoner at the defeat of the rebel Ḏj̲anbulād, whose treasurer he was, was brought before Murād-Pas̲h̲a and only had his life spared through the intercession of Ḵh̲alīl, agha of the Janizaries, who, having become ḳapūdān-pas̲h̲a, gave him the command of a galley, and conferred upon him the government of Marʿas̲h̲ when he was promoted to the dignity of grand vizier. Later he became governor of Erzerūm…


(90 words)

Author(s): Zetterstéen, K. V.
b. Ziyād, governor, nephew of the caliph Muʿāwiya I. His uncle made him governor of Sid̲j̲istān and he occupied the position for seven years. He undertook expeditions against the East and conquered Ḳandahār. Yazīd b. Muʿāwiya, on succeeding his father, dismissed him in 61 (680-681), and in his place appointed his brother Salm b. Ziyād as governor of Sid̲j̲istān and Ḵh̲orāsān. (K. V. Zetterstéen) Bibliography Ṭabarī, ii. 191 et seq. Belād̲h̲orī (ed. de Goeje), pp. 365, 397, 434 Ibn Ḳotaiba (ed. Wüstenf.), p. 177 Ag̲h̲ānī, xvii. 53 et seq.


(112 words)

Author(s): Streck, M.
, the most southern town of Babylonia. Originally it was on an island in the Persian Gulf and was still there in the tenth century; but now it is more than twenty miles from the coast; comp. G. le Strange, The Lands of the Eastern Caliphate (Cambridge, 1905), pp. 44, 48 et seq.; idem, in the Journ. of the Roy. As. Soc., 1895, p. 302; Ch. Schefer, Sefer-Name (Paris, 1881), pp. 245 et seq., and especially note 2 on page 245. As to the situation of ʿAbbādān, comp. especially H. Wagner, in the Nachr. d. Kgl. Gesellsch. d. Wissensch. zu Göttingen, Phil.-hist. Kl., 1902, fasc. 2, p. 255. (M. Streck)


(33 words)

, twisted rush work, deriving its name from ʿAbbādān, although it is made in other places, Egypt for example. See A. von Kremer, Culturgesch. des Orients unter den Chalifen, ii. 298.


(202 words)

Author(s): Houtsma, M. Th.
The following persons are known under this nisba: 1. Abū ʿĀṣim Muḥammed b. Aḥmed b. Muḥammed b. ʿAbd Allāh b. ʿAbbād al-ʿAbbādī, often called al-Ḳāḍi ‘l-Harawī, celebrated S̲h̲āfiʿite jurisconsult, born in 375 (985) at Herāt and died there in S̲h̲awwāl 485 (1066). He undertook distant travels and wrote several works, the. titles of which are enumerated by Ibn Ḵh̲allikān. Bibliography Ibn Ḵh̲allikān (ed. Wüstenf.), No. 558 Wüstenfeld, Schāfiʿiten, p. 204 Brockelmann, Gesch. d. arab. Litter., i. 386. 2. Ḳuṭb al-Dīn Abū Manṣūr al-Muhẓaffar b. Ards̲h̲īr al-ʿAbbādī (so called from hi…


(218 words)

Author(s): Seybold, C. F.
, Arabic dynasty of Seville, which reigned from 414 (or 422) to 484 = 1023 (or 1031)—1091. The ʿAbbādides founded the most important and brilliant principality amongst the numerous little states which arose in the eleventh century on the dismemberment of the Mussulman empire in Spain after the fall of the Umaiyad caliphate of Cordova (422 = 1031). These petty kings were called Reyes de Taifas, in Arabic: Mulūk al-Ṭawāʾif, like the dynasties founded by the successors of Alexander. The founder of the dynasty was the ḳādī Abu ’l-Ḳāsim Muḥammed I b. Ismaʿīl, of the Y…


(70 words)

Author(s): Zetterstéen, K. V.
b. al-Maʾmūn. For Ṭuwāna in this article, read al-Tuwana; s. Seybold, in G. G. A., 1920, p. 190. (K. V. Zetterstéen) Bibliography Add: Yaʿḳūbī, ed. Houtsma, ii. 558,567 sq., 574 sq., 581 Masʿūdī, Murūd̲j̲, ed. Paris, vii. 102 sq., 136 sq. Fragm. Hist, Arab


(852 words)

Author(s): Becker, C. H.
b. Abi ’l-Futūḥ, his full name, al-Afdal Rukn al-Dīn Abu ’l-Fadl ʿAbbās b. Abi ’l-Futuḥ b. Tamīm b. Muʿizz b. Bādīs al-Ṣinhād̲j̲ī


(872 words)

Author(s): Buhl, Fr.
b. ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib…


(55 words)

Author(s): Zetterstéen, K. V.
b. al-Walīd. (K. V. Zetterstéen) Bibliography
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