Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: M. Th.Houtsma, T.W.Arnold, R.Basset and R.Hartmann
The Encyclopaedia of Islam First Edition Online (EI1) was originally published in print between 1913 and 1936. The demand for an encyclopaedic work on Islam was created by the increasing (colonial) interest in Muslims and Islamic cultures during the nineteenth century. The scope of the  Encyclopedia of Islam First Edition Online is philology, history, theology and law until early 20th century. Such famous scholars as Houtsma, Wensinck, Gibb, Snouck Hurgronje, and Lévi-Provençal were involved in this scholarly endeavor. The Encyclopedia of Islam First Edition Online offers access to 9,000 articles.

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ʿAbd Allāh

(110 words)

Author(s): Houtsma, M. Th.
b. Wahb al-Rāsibī, a Ḵh̲ārid̲j̲ite, bore the surname of the „Man with the callosities“ ( d̲h̲u ’l-t̲h̲afināt), because he had received callosities from his many prostrations. ʿAbd ¶ Allāh belonged to the prominent men amongst the first Ḵh̲ārid̲j̲ites, so that he was chosen to be caliph by his followers, when they had separated from ʿAlī (37 = 658). He fell in the same year (May-June 658) in the bloody battle of Nahrawān. (M. Th. Houtsma) Bibliography Mubarrad, Kāmil, pp.558 et seq. Ṭabarī, i. 3363 et seq. Dīnawarī (ed. Girgas and Rosen) pp. 215 et seq. Brünnow, Die Charidschiten, pp. 18 et seq.…

ʿAbd Allāh

(581 words)

Author(s): Ophuysen, Van
b. ʿAbd al-Ḳādir (Malay pronunciation Abdu’llah bin Abdu’l-Kadir), surnamed Muns̲h̲iʾ, i. e. teacher of languages, was born in 1796 in Malacca, where his grandfather, the son of S̲h̲aik̲h̲ ʿAbd al-Ḳādir, who came originally from Yemen, had settled. At an early age, ʿAbd Allāh received lessons in Malay from his father, who is said to have been an expert Malay scholar, and endeavored to make himself fully master of this language by reading Malay writings and by associating with educated Malays. As he learn…

ʿAbd Allah

(1,020 words)

Author(s): Seligsohn, M.
b. al-Zubair, a Ḳorais̲h̲ite general, who contested the caliphate of the Umaiyads for nine years, was born at Medina in the year I (622), or, according to al-Wāḳidī, 20 months after the Hid̲j̲jra (S̲h̲aʿbān 2 = Feb. 624), killed in a battle against al-Ḥad̲j̲d̲j̲ād̲j̲, near Mecca, on the 17th Ḏj̲umādā I 73 (4th Oct. 692); comp., however, Wellhausen, Das arabische Reich und sein Sturz, p. 124. Besides the fact that his father, al-Zubair, belonged to one of the noblest families of Ḳorais̲h̲ and was on his mother Ṣafīya’s side a cousin of the Prophet, ʿAbd Allā…

ʿAbd Allāh

(8 words)

b. Aḥmed. [See ibn al-baiṭār.]

ʿAbd Allāh

(8 words)

b. Barrī. [See ibn barrī.]

ʿAbd Allāh

(10 words)

b. ʿAbd al-Ẓāhir. [See ibn ʿabd al-hẓāhir.]

ʿAbd Allāh

(324 words)

Author(s): Houtsma, M. Th.
b. Ḥamdān b. Ḥamdūn, called Abu ’l-Haid̲j̲āʾ, of the tribe of Tag̲h̲lib, was appointed governor of al-Mawṣil (Mosul) by the caliph al-Muktafī in the year 293 (905), in which place he had to fight against the loot-loving Kurds. He took no part in the conspiracy to proclaim Ibn al-Muʿtazz [q. v.] caliph instead of al-Muḳtadir, in which his brother Ḥusain played a leading part; he was indeed, on the failure of this enterprise, entrusted with the task of capturing his fugitive brother, in which he was …

ʿAbd Allāh

(1,007 words)

Author(s): Buhl, F.
b. al-ʿAbbās, surnamed Abu ’l-ʿAbbās, cousin of the Prophet. His birth is said to have taken place when the Has̲h̲imides were blocked in al-S̲h̲iʿb, a couple of years before Muḥammed’s emigration to Medina. According to al-Buk̲h̲ārī, he and his mother had already been converted before his father al-ʿAbbās [see al-ʿabbās b. ʿabd al-muṭṭalir] accepted the Islamic faith. But this is doubtlessly a pleasant fiction invented either by himself or by others. He began to come into prominence under ʿOt̲h̲mān. The caliph, to whom, according to his own state…

ʿAbd Allāh

(431 words)

Author(s): Zetterstéen, K. V.
b. ʿAlī, uncle of the caliphs Abu ’l-ʿAbbās al-Saffāḥ and Abū Ḏj̲aʿfar al-Manṣūr. ʿAbd Allāh was one of the most active participators in the battle of the ʿAbbāsides against the last Umaiyad caliph, Marwān II. He was commander-in-chief in the decisive battle at the Greater Zāb, where Marwān lost his crown, and when the latter took to flight, ʿAbd Allāh pursued him, soon after conquered Damascus and marched on to Palestine, whence he had the fugitive caliph pursued to Egypt. Even more im placably …

ʿAbd Allāh

(725 words)

Author(s): Zetterstéen, K. V.
b. Ṭāhir, statesman, general and poet, born about 182 (798) and died in 230 (844). ʿAbd Allāh’s father Ṭāhir b. al-Ḥusain had already rendered the caliph al-Maʾmūn great services, and ʿAbd Allāh himself soon won the good graces of the caliph not only for his father’s sake, but also on account of his personal merits. In 206 (821-822) he was appointed governor of the regions between al-Raḳḳa and Egypt, and at the same time received the supreme command in the battle against one of al-Amīn’s follower…

ʿAbd Allāh

(68 words)

b. al-Afṭas, founder of the dynasty of the Afṭasides [q. v.] in Badajoz, with the surname of al-Manṣūr, reigned until about 422 (1031). He belonged to the Berber family of the Banū Afṭas and is therefore called Ibn al-Afṭas, for the name of his father was Muḥammed b. Maslama. Bibliography Hoogvliet, Spec. e litt. Orient. exhibens diversorum scriptorum locos de regia Aphtasidarum familia etc. (Leyden, 1839).

ʿAbd Allāh

(187 words)

Author(s): Hurgronje, Snouck
b. Muḥammed, the second important s̲h̲erīf of Mecca of the family of the ʿAbādila, succeeded his father as s̲h̲erīf in 1274 ¶ (1858) and held this dignity peacefully enough till his death in 1294 (1877). The opening of the Suez Canal, which took place during his term of office, greatly facilitated the work of the Turks in enforcing their sovereign rights. Several measures which were brought out or prepared under ʿAbd Allāh’s government gave proof of this: Ḏj̲idda, Mecca and Ṭāʾif were connected by telegraph with the…

ʿAbd Allāh

(281 words)

Author(s): Seligsohn, M.
b. ʿĀmir, governor of Baṣra, was born at Mecca in the year 4 (626). He was a Ḳorais̲h̲ite and a cousin of ʿOt̲h̲mān b. ʿAffān. ʿAbd Allāh is principally known as the conqueror of a great part of Persia; when, in the year 29 (649-650), ʿOt̲h̲mān gave him the government of Baṣra, ʿAbd Allāh went towards Ḵh̲orāsān and brought it, as well as Sid̲j̲istān and many other places, under the rule of the Arabs. Nīsābūr and Sarak̲h̲s capitulated, and Merw only obtained peace on condition of paying an annual …

ʿAbd Allāh b. ʿAlī.

(91 words)

Author(s): Zettersteen, K. V.
Further Bibliography: Ibn al-Athīr, al-Kāmil, ed. Tornberg, v., passim; Yaʿḳūbī, ed. Houtsma, ii., see index; Masʿūdī, Murūd̲j̲, ed. Paris, v. 83, 471 sq.; vi. 71, 73, 75—77 86, 90 sq., 99, 104, 106 sqq., 176 sq., 183, 214 sqq., 222, 271; Balād̲h̲urī, ed. de Goeje, p. 126, 151, 192, 294, 371; Fragm. Hist. Arab., ¶ ed. de Goeje and de Jong, see index; Kitāb al-Ag̲h̲ānī, see Guidi, Tables alphabetiques, Wellhausen, Das arabische Reich, p. 341; cf. also Caetani and Gabrieli, Onomasticon Arabicum, ii. 731. (K. V. Zettersteen)

ʿAbd Allāh b. Ḏj̲aʿfar

(44 words)

See also Yaʿḳūbī, ed. Houtsma, ii. 67, 200, 331; Masʿūdī, Murūd̲j̲, ¶ Paris, iv. 181, 271 sq., 313, 329, 434; v. 19, 148, 383 sqq.; Lammens, Études sur le règne du calife omaiyadc Moʿâwia Ier (M. F. O. B.), index.

ʿAbd Allāh b. Ḥanẓala

(23 words)

Author(s): Zetterstéen, K. V.
See also Lammens, Le califat de Yazîd Ier (M. F. O. B.), p. 213 sqq. (K. V. Zetterstéen)

ʿAbd Allāh b. Muʿāwiya

(51 words)

Author(s): Zetterstéen, K. V.
Further Bibliography: Masʿūdī, Murūd̲j̲, Paris, vi. 41 sq., 67 sq., 109; Kitāb al-Ag̲h̲ānī, see Guidi, Tables alphabétiques; Wellhausen, Die religiös-politischen Oppositionsparteien im alten Islām, in Abh. G. W. Gött., v. 2, p. 98 sq.; cf. also Caetani and Gabrieli, Onomasticon Arabicum, ii. 853. (K. V. Zetterstéen)

ʿAbd Allāh b. Muḥammad

(128 words)

Author(s): Zetterstéen, K. V.
P. 27a, l. 14. On the part which in spite of his cruelty, he played in the history of Spain as precursor of his celebrated grandson ʿAbd al-Raḥmān III, see the article umaiyads, vi. 1006 sq.— l. 51. As Seybold, G. G. A., 1920, p. 182 observes the article in al-ʿAd̲h̲ārī should be omitted; we also find (al-ʿId̲h̲ārī) “addito semper articulo”; see Gildemeister, Catalogus librorum manu scriptorum or. qui in Bibl. Acad. Bonnensi servantur, p. 13 and Brockelmann, G. A. L., i. 337. — According to Seybold, to the Bibl. should be added: Ibn al-ʿAbbār, al-Ḥulla al-siyarāʾ, in Dozy, Notices sur quelque…

ʿAbd Allāh b. Muṭīʿ

(18 words)

Author(s): Zetterstéen, K. V.
Further Bibliography in Caetani and Gabrieli, Onomasticon Arabicum, ii. 922. (K. V. Zetterstéen)

ʿAbd Allāh b. ʿOmar

(43 words)

b. al-Ḵh̲aṭṭāb. See also Wellhausen, Muhammed in Medīna; Balād̲h̲urī, ed. de Goeje; Masʿūdī, Murūd̲j̲, ed. Paris, iv.; Lammens, Études sur le rigne du calife omaiyade Moʿâwia Ier (M.F.O.B.); further references in Caetani and Gabrieli, Onomasticon Arabicum, ii. 986.
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