Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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Edited by: M. Th.Houtsma, T.W.Arnold, R.Basset and R.Hartmann
The Encyclopaedia of Islam First Edition Online (EI1) was originally published in print between 1913 and 1936. The demand for an encyclopaedic work on Islam was created by the increasing (colonial) interest in Muslims and Islamic cultures during the nineteenth century. The scope of the  Encyclopedia of Islam First Edition Online is philology, history, theology and law until early 20th century. Such famous scholars as Houtsma, Wensinck, Gibb, Snouck Hurgronje, and Lévi-Provençal were involved in this scholarly endeavor. The Encyclopedia of Islam First Edition Online offers access to 9,000 articles.

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ʿAbd Allāh b. ʿOmar b. ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz

(20 words)

Author(s): Zetterstéen, K. V.
Cf. further Caetani and Gabrieli, Onomasticon Arabicum, ii. 982. (K. V. Zetterstéen)

ʿAbd Allāh b. Ṭāhir

(18 words)

Author(s): Zetterstéen, K. V.
Further Bibliography in Caetani and Gabrieli, Onomasticon Arabicum, ii. 171. (K. V. Zetterstéen)

ʿAbd Allāh Ḏj̲ewdet

(5,826 words)

Author(s): Süssheim, K.
, Turkish poet, politician, translator of Shakespeare and ʿOmar Ḵh̲aiyām, free-thinker and prominent publicist. He belonged to the Kurdish family of the ʿOmar Og̲h̲ullari̊ whose home was in ʿArabgīr, and was born there on Sept. 9, 1869 (3rd Ḏj̲umādā II 1286 = Aug. 28, 1285 of the Turkish financial year). He was an only child. After a few years in Ḵh̲ōzāt and in ʿArabgīr, he moved with his father and his family to Maʿmūret al-ʿAzīz where he attended the Turkish military school and completed his studies there in 1885, so far as we know. He came to Con…

ʿAbd Allāh Pas̲h̲a

(217 words)

Author(s): Huart, Cl.
Muḥsin Zāde Čelebi,an Ottoman general, whose family originally ¶ came from Aleppo. He was made defterdār by the rebels, who put Sultan Aḥmed III on the throne of Turkey (9th Rabīʿ II 1115 = 22d Aug. 1703), filled many positions in the Financial Service, and was entrusted with the subjugation of Ḳaitās-beg, who had revolted in Egypt in 1126 (1714; comp. Rās̲h̲id Efendi, Taʾrīk̲h̲, ii. 92a Constantinople, 1153), and he sent his head to the Porte. He was the son-in-law of two grand viziers, Čorlūlu ʿAlī Pas̲h̲a and Ibrāhīm Pas̲h̲a; he was governor of several pro…

ʿAbd Allāh Sari

(8 words)

[See sari ʿabd Allāh.]


(709 words)

Author(s): Bel, A.
(Banū ʿAbd al-Wād). This name was at first given to a part of the great Berber tribe of the Zanāta and was afterwards extended to many other portions of the same tribe. The dynasty of the kings of Central Mag̲h̲rib, who took Tlemcen as their capital and whose kingdom lasted from 637 to 962 (1239—1554) was of the Banū ʿAbd al-Wād family. During this period of 315 years, twenty-seven kings of this family (of whom two reigned together) ascended the throne of Tlemcen. These kings are also often called Banū Zaiyān, because one of their ancestors, the father of the first independent ¶ king of Tlemcen …


(566 words)

Author(s): Mohammed ben Cheneb
(i. e. descendant of ʿAbd al-Dār b. Ḳuṣaiy b. Kilāb b. Murra, of the great family of the Ḳorais̲h̲ites), his real name Abū Muḥammed Muḥammed b. Muḥammed b. ʿAlī b. Aḥmed b. Suʿūd) (or Saʿūd or Masʿūd), known chiefly for the description of a journey called al-Riḥla al-mag̲h̲ribīya. We have no information about this learned traveller; it is only known that he was a native of Valencia and that he was living not far from Mogador, in the Ḥāḥa tribe, where his family was, when he started for Mecca on the 25th Ḏh̲u’l-Ḳaʿda 688 (11 Dec. 1289). Of his masters are known only those, under whom he stud…


(210 words)

Author(s): Brockelmann
Muḥammed b. Muḥammed b. Muḥammed b. al-ḥād̲j̲d̲j̲ al-Fāsī al-Ḳairawānī al-Tilimsānī al-Mag̲h̲ribī al-Mālikī Abū ʿAbd Allāh, a theologian, studied in Fez, went to Cairo whilst on a pilgrimage, settled there as a professor and died in Ḏj̲umādā I 737 (December 1336). He was probably the son of the author of the Riḥla [comp, preceeding article], to which his appellation of Ibn al-Ḥād̲j̲d̲j̲ perhaps refers. That he is not identical with this latter, as Goldziher (in the Zeitschr. d. Deutsch. Palästinavereins, xvii. 116 and Götting. Gelehrt. Anzeig., 1899, p. 466) assumes, is shown b…


(6 words)

(p.), ablution. [See wudūʿ.]

ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz

(171 words)

Author(s): Seybold, C. F.
b. Mūsā b. Nuṣair, a governor. When his father, the famous conqueror of Spain, left this country in the year 95 (713), he remained behind as governor and married the widow of the Gothic king Roderick, named by the Arabs Eyilo, Ailo (Egilona), or Umm ʿĀṣim after her son. According to al-Wāḳidī and other Arabian chroniclers, it was the arrogance of this woman which caused the Arab troops to murder him in the year 97 (715) in the monastery of Santa Rufina near Seville, to day known as the Convento Cap…

ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz

(344 words)

Author(s): de Motylinski, A.
b. al-Ḥād̲j̲d̲j̲ Ibrāhīm, ¶ an Abāḍite doctor of the Banū Isgen (Mzāb), born about 1130 (1717), died in the month of Rad̲j̲ab 1223 (August-September 1808). He left in the Mzāb a well merited reputation for his science and piety. He devoted his life to the composition of many works on theology and jurisprudence. His chief work is the Kitāb al-nil wa-s̲h̲ifāʾ al-ʿalīl, autographed at Cairo in 1305(1887-1888). This treatise, conceived on the plan of the Muk̲h̲taṣar of Ḵh̲alīl, but written in a less concise style, is a complete statement of Abāḍite legislation taken from t…

ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz

(122 words)

Author(s): Houtsma, M. Th.
b. Muḥammed b. Saʿūd, a Wahhābite ruler in Central Arabia (1765-1803). ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz was born in 1721, and on the 14th Oct. 1803 during a service in the Mosque of Darʿīya was stabbed by a fanatical S̲h̲īʿite, who was enraged at the looting and destruction of the S̲h̲īʿite sanctuary in Kerbelāʾ by the Wahhābites (1801). During his reign the dominion of the Wahhābites was extended far over the frontiers of Central Arabia (Ned̲j̲d), but it was not ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz himself who played the most important ¶ part in bringing this about, but his son Saʿūd, who had been his co-regent since 1…

ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz

(221 words)

Author(s): Zetterstéen, K. V.
b. Marwān, son of Caliph Marwān I. ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz was appointed governor of Egypt by his father, and after ʿAbd al-Malik had ascended the throne, the latter confirmed the appointment. During his twenty years’ sojourn in Egypt, ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz proved himself a good ruler who really had the welfare of his province at heart. When in the year 69 (689) ʿAbd al-Malik, after the assassination of the rebellious governor ʿAmr b. Saʿīd, was going to have the latter’s relatives executed also, ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz int…

ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz

(623 words)

Author(s): Süissheim, K.
(Abdu’l-Azīz) b. Maḥmūd, a Turkish sultan. ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz, the second son of Maḥmūd II, was born in 1830, and on the 25th June 1861 ascended the Ottoman throne. At first he renounced a considerable part of his civil list, promised to content himself with one wife and reduced all household expenses, but soon his licentious nature broke out all the more violently. His reign was indeed spared foreign wars, but on the other hand it was year by year sorely tried by troubles at home. Montenegro rose to fight for its freedo…

ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz

(169 words)

Author(s): Zetterstéen, K. V.
b. abī Dulaf, a governor. ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz was the son of an officer, Abū Dulaf, who had served under the caliph al-Amīn and then retired to Karad̲j̲, a town between Iṣpahān and Hamad̲h̲ān, where as chief of his clan he occupied an independent position. In the year 252 (866) ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz, who had joined al-Mustaʿīn’s party during the struggle for the throne, was entrusted by Waṣīf, the governor of Persian ʿIrāḳ, with the administration of that province. When in the following year al-Muʿtazz conferre…

ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz

(315 words)

Author(s): Zettersteen, K. V.
b. al-Ḥad̲j̲d̲j̲ād̲j̲ b. ʿAbd al-Malik, an Umaiyad general. ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz was a faithful partisan of his cousin Yazīd III and one of his most eminent assistants. Already in al-Walīd II’s reign he helped Yazīd, who headed the malcontents, to enlist troops against the caliph, and when they had succeeded in getting together an army in Damascus, ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz received the supreme command and marched against al-Walīd. Yazīd’s brother ʿAbbās, who was about to go to the caliph’s assistance, was attacked an…

ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz

(1,199 words)

Author(s): Doutte, E.
b. al-Ḥasan, the present sultan of Morocco, born on the 18th Rabīʿ 1298 (18th February 1881), son of Lālla Roḳīya, who was bought as a slave for the sultan in 1878 at Cairo. The little ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz, whilst yet a child, accompanied his father in most of his expeditions. As he grew up he soon manifested, unseemly for an orthodox, a taste for images and drawing. He was always extremely rebellious against studies of the Ḳorʾān, his education was partly entrusted to Aḥmed b. Mūsā, the chamberlain ( ḥād̲j̲ib) known as Ba Aḥmed, who, in strict sympathy with Lālla Roḳiya, kept him under a…

ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz

(163 words)

Author(s): Zetterstéen, K. V.
b. al-Walīd, son of Caliph al-Walīd I. Under the generalship of his uncle Maslama b. ʿAbd al-Malik, in 91 (709-710), ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz made the campaign against the Byzantines, and is also said to have later on taken part in the battles against the same enemy. In 96 (714-715) his father endeavored to exclude from the succession Sulaimān b. ʿAbd al-Malik, who had already been appointed as his successor, in ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz’s favor; the effort proved fruitless though. After Sulaimān’s death in Dābiḳ(99 = …

ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz

(132 words)

Author(s): Seybold, C. F.
b. ʿAbd al-Raḥmān Sanchol Abu ’l-Ḥasan, grandson of the great Al-manzor (al-Manṣur). ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz became prince of Valencia in 412 (1021), and in the year 429 (1038) when Zuhair, the prince of Almeria, had died, he took possession of the latter’s principality. Through this action, however, he came at loggerheads with Mud̲j̲āhid, the prince of Denia, and therefore in the year 1041 he installed his brother-in-law Abu’l-Aḥwaṣ, who soon made himself independent [see Ṣumādiḥ], ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz, who, like his grandfather, also bore the surname of al-Manṣūr, continued to rule…
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