Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
General Editor: David Thomas, Alex Mallett
Associate Editors: Juan Pedro Monferrer-Sala, Johannes Pahlitzsch, Barbara Roggema, Mark Swanson, Herman Teule and John Tolan
Christian-Muslim Relations, a Bibliographical History Online is a general online history of relations between the faiths. It covers the period from 600 to 1500, when encounters took place through the extended Mediterranean basin and are recorded in Syriac, Arabic, Greek, Latin and other languages. Christian Muslim Relations Online comprises introductory essays on the treatment of Christians in the Qur’an, Qur’an commentaries, biographies of the Prophet, Hadith and Sunni law, and of Muslims in canon law, and the main body of more than two hundred detailed entries on all the works recorded, whether surviving or lost.

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 Tawditā d-ashlem l-Ishmaʿlāyē Kaʿb sāprā – dukhrāneh l-lūttā

(647 words)

Author(s): Roggema, Barbara
The Confession which Kaʿb the scribe – cursed be his memory – handed down to the Ishmaelites Unknown author Date: Unknown, 8th/9th c.? Original Language: Syriac Description This brief and somewhat cryptic piece of anti-Muslim polemic is to be found as an appendix to the East-Syrian recension of the Legend of Sergius Baḥīrā (q.v.). It describes how the ‘Sons of Ishmael’ had an idol called al-Kabar, who was the devil (‘Iblīs’), and how the worship of this idol resembles the demonic polytheistic and dualistic worship of the Persians, the Ephesians,…

 Taxis ginomenē epi tois apo sarakēnōn epistrephousi pros tēn katharan kai alēthē hēmōn tōn christianōn

(1,072 words)

Author(s): Rigo, Antonio
Rite which came about for those from among the Saracens who converted to the pure and true faith of us Christians, Ritual of abjuration Unknown author Date: c. 880-90 Original Language: Greek Description In the Euchologion, the prayer book for the various rituals of the Byzantine Church, there is a rubric that contains a series of abjuration rituals for heretics, Jews and Muslims who convert to Christianity. The texts of these rituals contain a first section devoted to catechisms and liturgical procedures intended for the initiat…

Ten questions

(170 words)

Author(s): N. Swanson, Mark
Ten questions that one of the disciples asked of his master Date of Birth: Unknown; perhaps 11th century Place of Birth: Unknown; presumably Egypt Date of Death: Unknown; perhaps 12th century Place of Death: Unknown; presumably Egypt Biography Nothing is known of the author of a brief catechetical text in ten chapters, ʿAshara masāʾil saʾala ʿanhum baʿḍ al-talāmīdh min muʿallimihi, ‘Ten questions that one of the disciples asked of his master’, other than what can be gathered from the text. The author was clearly a Copt, probably a monk and/or a priest. …

 Teshuvot la-meḥaref

(1,375 words)

Author(s): Szpiech, Ryan
Respuestas al blasfemo‘Response to the blasphemer’ Abner of Burgos/Alfonso of Valladolid Date: Uncertain; late 1330s or early 1340s Original Language: Hebrew Description This is the last known text written by Abner/Alfonso, as is clear from its mention by name in most of his other major writings. Along with his earliest surviving work, the Moreh tsedeḳ/Mostrador de justicia (‘Teacher of righteousness’), it is also among his most important, for two reasons: it is his second longest surviving work (57 folios of Hebrew text, 48 in Castilian translation)…

Testament of our Lord (on the invasions of the Mongols)

(98 words)

Author(s): van Lent, Jos
Unknown author Date of Birth: Unknown; probably late 13th century Place of Birth: Unknown; Egypt or the Levant Date of Death: Unknown; early to mid-14th century Place of Death: Unknown; Egypt or the Levant Biography Nothing is known of the author of this pseudonymous apocalyptic text beyond what can be gathered from the text itself. Primary Sources of Information Secondary Sources of Information Works on Christian-Muslim Relations Waṣiyyat rabbinā Yasūʿ al-Masīḥ li-tilmīdihī Buṭrus wa-huwa ḥāḍiruhu lammā kāna ṣāʿid ilā l-samāʾ ʿalā Jabal al-Zaytūn al-muqaddas Jos van Lent
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